CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Productivity

  • Sotiris Makris
  • Nikolaos Papakostas
  • George Chryssolouris
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6570

Synonyms

Definition

A measure of manufacturing system or process output per unit of input, over a specific period of time, used as a metric of the production and the engineering efficiency.

Theory and Application

Introduction

The productivity measurement has always been an important aspect for organizations. This measurement may partially track the progress of an organization in terms of performance over a long period of time and may provide useful indications about whether the objectives of the organization have been met or not. It may also lead to practical suggestions about what changes are required for increasing the efficiency of an organization.

Productivity has been used as a metric for comparing the performance of nations and companies, as well as of industrial and commercial sectors.

Productivity Measures

For over two centuries, productivity, as a term related to efficiency, has been used in many different scientific and...

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References

  1. Chryssolouris G (2006) Manufacturing systems – theory and practice, 2nd edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Chryssolouris G, Papakostas N, Mavrikios D (2008) A perspective on manufacturing strategy: produce more with less. CIRP J Manuf Sci Technol 1(1):45–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fitzsimmons JA, Fitzsimmons MJ (1994) Service management for competitive advantage, 2nd edn. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Georgoulias K, Papakostas N, Makris S, Chryssolouris G (2007) A toolbox approach for flexibility measurements in diverse environments. Ann CIRP 56(1):423–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Shahidul MI, Syed Shazali ST (2010) Dynamics of manufacturing productivity: lesson learnt from labor intensive industries. J Manuf Technol Manag 22(5):664–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Tangen S (2005) Demystifying productivity and performance. Int J Product Perform Manag 54(1):34–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Wazed MA, Ahmed S (2008) Multifactor productivity measurements model (MFPMM) as effectual performance measures in manufacturing. Aust J Basic Appl Sci 2(4):987–996Google Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sotiris Makris
    • 1
  • Nikolaos Papakostas
    • 1
  • George Chryssolouris
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and AeronauticsUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece