The pure act or manufacturing process (or the connected series of acts or processes) of actually physically making a product from its material constituents, as distinct from designing the product, planning and controlling its production, assuring its quality (CIRP Dictionary of Production Engineering 2004).
Note: (1) “Production” also designates the organizational unit of a manufacturing enterprise dealing with the fabrication of (series) products. (2) The term “fabrication” is particularly used to distinguish production operations for components as opposed to assembly operations. (3) “Fabrication” is also used to describe the construction of assemblies by welding, e.g., a welded framework.
Theory and Application
Production can be traced as far back as the late nineteenth century when the onset of the industrial revolution resulted in the need for large-scale operations (Pontrandolfo and Okogbaa 1999).
In 1925, Henry Ford wrote in the...
- Chryssolouris G (2006) Manufacturing systems: theory and practice, 2nd edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- CIRP Dictionary of production engineering (2004) Manufacturing systems, vol. 3, 1st edn. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
- Hounshell D (1985) From the American system to mass production, 1800–1932: The development of manufacturing technology in the United States, Studies in industry and society. JHU Press, Baltimore. ISBN 080183158XGoogle Scholar
- Melnyk SA, Carter PL, Dilts DM, Lyth DM (1985) Shop Floor Control. Dow Jones-Irwin, Homewood, ILGoogle Scholar
- Ohno T, Bodek N (1988) Toyota production system: beyond large-scale production, 1st edn. Productivity Press, Portland. ISBN 0915299143Google Scholar
- Pine J (1999) Mass customization: the new frontier in business competition. Harvard Business Press, pp 338Google Scholar