CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Optimization in Manufacturing

  • Giuseppe Stecca
  • Gisela Lanza
  • Steven Peters
Reference work entry



Optimization in manufacturing is the discipline of finding the best alternative among a set, under a specific criterion in the manufacturing environment.

Theory and Application

Optimization Defined

Optimization can be thought as a part of the operations research discipline. Operations research translates a real decisional problem in a quantitative one, finds the solution from the model, and validates it in a real context. Under this view, optimization covers the phase of finding a solution from a model of the reality (Serafini 2000; Hillier and Lieberman 2009). Operations research and management science are strict related terms. In management science optimization is strictly related to mathematical programming (especially linear programming) as one of the best developed and most used branches of management science. Mathematical programming concerns the optimum allocation of limited resources...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Bamberg G, Coenenberg AG, Krapp M (2008) Betriebswirtschaftliche Entscheidungslehre [Business decision theory], 14th rev edn. Vahlen, Munich (in German)Google Scholar
  2. Bellman RE (1957) Dynamic programming. Princeton University Press, PrincetonMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Bradley SP, Hax AC, Magnanti TL (1977) Applied mathematical programming. Addison-Wesley, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  4. Deb K (2011) Multi-objective optimisation using evolutionary algorithms: an introduction. In: Wang L, Ng AHC, Deb K (eds) Multi-objective evolutionary optimisation for product design and manufacturing. Springer, London, pp 3–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hillier FS, Lieberman GJ (2009) Introduction to operations research, 9th edn. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Lucertini M (1999) Course of Modelli di Sistemi di Produzione [Modelling of manufacturing systems]. Lecture notes, University of Rome “Tor Vergata” (in Italian)Google Scholar
  7. Serafini P (2000) Ottimizzazione [Optimization]. Zanichelli, Bologna (in Italian)Google Scholar
  8. Sniedovich M (2011) Dynamic programming: foundations and principles, 2nd edn. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  9. Yoshimura M (2010) System design optimization for product manufacturing. Springer, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Research Council of ItalyInstitute of Industrial Technologies and Automation (CNR-ITIA)Montelibretti (Rome)Italy
  2. 2.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Production Science (wbk)KarlsruheGermany