CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Optimization in Manufacturing

  • Giuseppe Stecca
  • Gisela Lanza
  • Steven Peters
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6565

Synonyms

Definition

Optimization in manufacturing is the discipline of finding the best alternative among a set, under a specific criterion in the manufacturing environment.

Theory and Application

Optimization Defined

Optimization can be thought as a part of the operations research discipline. Operations research translates a real decisional problem in a quantitative one, finds the solution from the model, and validates it in a real context. Under this view, optimization covers the phase of finding a solution from a model of the reality (Serafini 2000; Hillier and Lieberman 2009). Operations research and management science are strict related terms. In management science optimization is strictly related to mathematical programming (especially linear programming) as one of the best developed and most used branches of management science. Mathematical programming concerns the optimum allocation of limited resources...

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References

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Research Council of ItalyInstitute of Industrial Technologies and Automation (CNR-ITIA)Montelibretti (Rome)Italy
  2. 2.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Production Science (wbk)KarlsruheGermany