Reference Work Entry

CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

pp 500-503

Date:

Factory

  • George ChryssolourisAffiliated withLaboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras Email author 
  • , Hans-Peter WiendahlAffiliated withInstitut für Fabrikanlagen und Logistik, Leibniz Universität Hannover
  • , Loukas RentzosAffiliated withLaboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras
  • , Sotiris MakrisAffiliated withLaboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras

Synonyms

Manufacturing plant; Production site

Definition

Factory, manufacturing systems, and production are closely related terms and often are not distinguishable, neither in literature nor in industry. In the following essay, manufacturing and production will be seen as functions for the generation of products (Chryssolouris 2006), whereas the factory represents the physical and logical means of performing production and manufacturing processes. An industrial manufacturing site includes the buildings, the manufacturing facilities, and the ground on which they are located (CIRP Dictionary of Production Engineering 2004).

Extended Definition

A factory is a local grouping of production factors for the realization of the entire or a part of the value chain of real goods. The main production factors are material, facilities, work force, energy, and information.

Theory and Application

History

The history of factories can better be described from the viewpoin ...

This is an excerpt from the content