CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Damping

  • Michael Zaeh
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6526

Synonyms

Definition

In the context of vibrating mechanical systems, damping is the irreversible transition of mechanical energy into other forms of energy, mainly thermal energy, caused by nonconservative forces acting on the system.

Theory and Application

Damping in Mechanical Systems

All real mechanical systems are damped. Therefore, when vibrating with a limited amount of mechanical energy, every system comes to rest sooner or later if no additional energy is supplied. This drain of mechanical energy is caused by damping forces that are opposed to the motion of the oscillation. Depending on the location of these forces relative to the boundaries of the system, internal and external damping forces can be distinguished (VDI-standard 3830 2004). Sources of internal damping forces can be material damping effects due to nonelastic material behavior, friction in joints, and between moving components or conversion of mechanical into electrical energy by means of piezoelectric...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. DIN 1311 (2002) (Mechanical) vibrations, oscillations and vibration systems, Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  2. Ewins D (1992) Modal testing: theory and practice. Research Studies Press, TauntonGoogle Scholar
  3. Maia N, Silva J (1997) Theoretical and experimental modal analysis. Research Studies Press, TauntonGoogle Scholar
  4. Maia N, Silva J, Ribeiro M (1998) On a general damping model. J Sound Vibration 218(5):749–767CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. VDI-standard 3830 (2004) Damping of materials and members, Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  6. Weck M (2006) Werkzeugmaschinen 5: Messtechnische Untersuchung und Beurteilung, dynamische Stabilität. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TU Müncheniwb - Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und BetriebswissenschaftenMunichGermany