CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Forming Tools (Die, Punch, Blank Holder)

  • Mathias Liewald
Reference work entry



Device for giving shape to solid materials by mechanical means.

Theory and Application

Forming Tool: General Considerations

All forming methods can be regarded as a system reaching from a plasticity approach and metallurgical principles right up to questions of production (Fig. 1). The forming procedure, which is the central aspect, must be viewed in connection with the forming tool and press (Fig. 1).
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  1. Altan T, Ngalle G, Shen G (2010) Cold and hot forging: fundamentals and applications. ASM International, Materials ParkGoogle Scholar
  2. Schuler GmbH (1998) Metal forming handbook. Springer, Berlin/HeidelbergGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Metal Forming TechnologyUniversity of StuttgartStuttgartGermany