CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Etching

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6482

Synonyms

 Chemical machining;  CHM – generic term for the entire family of chemical machining processes including chemical milling of pockets or cavities (Bellows 1977);  PCMphotochemical machining, also commonly known as photoetching, photomilling, photochemical milling, photofabrication, and chemical blanking (Allen 1986);  Photochemical machining

Definition

Chambers English Dictionary defines:
  • Etching as “the act or art of etching or engraving: the impression from an etched plate”

  • To etch as “to design on metal, glass etc. by eating out the lines with an acid; to eat away, corrode”

The above definition of etching, applied to the arts, is confusing, however, as it refers to the different techniques of etching and engraving (Chamberlain 1972) as one and the same process!

In terms of a production engineering process (Allen 2004), etching is better defined as: a material removal process by accelerated, controlled corrosion, comprising a heterogeneous chemical reaction in which a...

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References

  1. Allen DM (1981) Anisotropic etching microtechnology. Precis Eng 3(3):161–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allen DM (1986) The principles and practice of photochemical machining and photoetching. IOP Publishing, Bristol, p 4Google Scholar
  3. Allen DM (1993) Progress towards clean technology for photochemical machining. CIRP Annals 42(1):197–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Allen DM (2004) Photochemical machining: from ‘manufacturing’s best kept secret’ to a $6 billion per annum, rapid manufacturing process. CIRP Annals 53(2):559–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Allen DM, Gillbanks PJ, Palmer AJ (1989) The selection of an appropriate method to manufacture thin sheet metal parts based on technical and financial considerations. In: Proceedings of 9th international symposium for electro-machining, Nagoya, pp 246–249Google Scholar
  6. DM, Esho G, Almond HJA (2012) Design and novel fabrication of cylindrical magnesium stents. In: Proceedings of PROMED 2012 conference, Brescia, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  7. Bellows G (1977) Chemical machining: production with chemistry. Metcut Research Associates, Cincinnati, p 25Google Scholar
  8. Chamberlain W (1972) The Thames and Hudson manual of etching and engraving. Thames and Hudson, London, p 11Google Scholar
  9. Dini JW (1984) Fundamentals of chemical milling. Am Mach 128(7):113–128Google Scholar
  10. Harris WT (1976) Chemical milling: the technology of cutting materials by etching. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp 140–209Google Scholar
  11. Madou MJ (2002) Fundamentals of microfabrication: the science of miniaturization, 2nd edn. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  12. Wallis FG, Cannon RV (1969) Letterpress platemaking. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p 11Google Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.(Formerly) Materials DepartmentCranfield UniversityBedfordshireUK