CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Virtual Reality

  • Roy Damgrave
Reference work entry



Virtual reality (VR) is an artificial reproduction of a potential reality or use condition that enables users to experience and/or modify and/or to interact with. These computer-simulated environments are experienced mainly through the senses of sight and sound.

VR systems have the following key properties (Burdea and Coiffet 1994):
  • 3D-representation and perception

  • Spatial interaction in real-time

  • Sense of presence and immersion

Theory and Application

Virtual reality is the linkage between reality, behavior (partly real, partly simulated), and artifacts. VR handles the real-time integration between computer-simulated environments and human interaction (Cobb and Sharkey 2007). A VR environment stimulates the users to experience an envisaged reality or use condition by stimulating the right senses at the right moment, to generate the right perception of the situation. The envisaged reality is not a completely predefined setting, but allows the...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Design, Production and ManagementUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands