CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Virtual Reality

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6472

Synonyms

Definition

Virtual reality (VR) is an artificial reproduction of a potential reality or use condition that enables users to experience and/or modify and/or to interact with. These computer-simulated environments are experienced mainly through the senses of sight and sound.

VR systems have the following key properties (Burdea and Coiffet 1994):
  • 3D-representation and perception

  • Spatial interaction in real-time

  • Sense of presence and immersion

Theory and Application

Virtual reality is the linkage between reality, behavior (partly real, partly simulated), and artifacts. VR handles the real-time integration between computer-simulated environments and human interaction (Cobb and Sharkey 2007). A VR environment stimulates the users to experience an envisaged reality or use condition by stimulating the right senses at the right moment, to generate the right perception of the situation. The envisaged reality is not a completely predefined setting, but allows the...

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References

  1. Blach R (2008) Virtual reality technology – an overview. In: Talabã D, Amditis A (eds) Product engineering: tools and methods based on virtual reality. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 21–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Burdea G, Coiffet P (1994) Virtual reality technology. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Burdea G, Coiffet P (2003) Virtual reality technology, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Cecil J, Kanchanapiboon A (2007) Virtual engineering approaches in product and process design. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 31:846–856CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cobb SVG, Sharkey PM (2007) A decade of research and development in disability, virtual reality and associated technologies: review of ICDVRAT 1996–2006. Int J Virtual Real 6(2):51–68Google Scholar
  6. Miedema J (2010) Synthetic Environments in design processes. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Twente, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Enschede, 17 Dec 2010Google Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Design, Production and ManagementUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands