CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Knowledge Management

Reference work entry



Knowledge management (KM) can be defined as the approaches (methods, procedures, tools, etc.) for handling the registrations (writings) in order to allow their interoperability (the IEEE Glossary defines interoperability as “the ability of two or more systems or components to exchange information and to use the information that has been exchanged” (IEEE 1990)) (use as a single piece of knowledge or combined with other elements). Knowledge engineering must implement the different cultural mediations to construct representations made to allow the interpretation (adapted from Bachimont 2004).

Thus knowledge management integrates different strategies, practices, and tools in the organization to identify, capture, formalize, and share knowledge, experience, or know-how, either for human expertise or for organizational practices. Such knowledge increases in a continuous interaction with the environment at all levels of the...

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© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.I2M - Mechanical and Engineering Institute of BordeauxArt et Métiers ParisTechTalanceFrance
  2. 2.IRCCyN UMR CNRS 6597 – System Engineering – Products, Performances, PerceptionsEcole Centrale de NantesNantesFrance