CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Grinding Fluids

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6428

Synonyms

Definition

Grinding fluids belong to metalworking fluids. These are engineering media which are used for the optimization of material removal processes, i.e., cutting and abrasive processes.

Theory and Application

Introduction

Metalworking fluids play a significant role in machining operations (in particular grinding) and have a substantial impact on tool life, shop productivity, and workpiece quality. In machining processes such as turning, milling, grinding, and many other material removal processes, metalworking fluids perform several essential functions. One of the main functions of coolants is to lubricate. This is achieved by reduction of the friction that develops in the contact zones between tool and workpiece as well as between tool and chip. Heat dissipation, i.e., cooling of the workpiece and washing chips away from the contact zone, is a further important function of the coolant (Brinksmeier et al. 1999, 2004; Inasaki et...

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References

  1. Brinksmeier E, Heinzel C, Wittmann M (1999) Friction, cooling and lubrication in grinding. Ann CIRP 48(2):581–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brinksmeier E, Heinzel C, Wittmann M (2000) Visualization of coolant flow in shoe nozzles and their effect on the residual grinding stresses. Ann WGP VII/I:9–12Google Scholar
  3. Brinksmeier E, Walter A, Lucca DA (2004) Chemical aspects of machining processes. Ann CIRP 53(2):685–699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brinksmeier E, Garbrecht M, Heinzel C, Koch T, Eckebrecht J (2009) Current approaches in design and supply of metalworking fluids. Tribol Trans 52(5):591–601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. DIN 51385:1991-06. Lubricants; metal working fluids; termsGoogle Scholar
  6. Heinzel C (1999) Methoden zur Untersuchung und Optimierung der Kühlschmierung beim Schleifen [Investigation and optimization methods for cooling lubricants for grinding]. German Ph.D. Thesis, University of Bremen, Shaker-Verlag (in German)Google Scholar
  7. Howes TD (1990) Assessment of the cooling and lubricative properties of grinding fluids. Ann CIRP 39(1):313–316CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  8. Inasaki I, Tönshoff HK, Howes TD (1993) Abrasive machining in the future. Ann CIRP 42(2):723–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Klocke F, Baus A, Beck T (2000) Coolant induced forces in CBN grinding with shoe nozzles. Ann CIRP 49(1):241–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Vits R (1985) Technologische Aspekte der Kühlschmierung beim Schleifen [Technological aspects of cooling lubricants for grinding]. Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Shaker-Verlag (in German)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LFM – Labor für MikrozerspanungBremenGermany