CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Grinding Fluids

  • Ekkard Brinksmeier
Reference work entry



Grinding fluids belong to metalworking fluids. These are engineering media which are used for the optimization of material removal processes, i.e., cutting and abrasive processes.

Theory and Application


Metalworking fluids play a significant role in machining operations (in particular grinding) and have a substantial impact on tool life, shop productivity, and workpiece quality. In machining processes such as turning, milling, grinding, and many other material removal processes, metalworking fluids perform several essential functions. One of the main functions of coolants is to lubricate. This is achieved by reduction of the friction that develops in the contact zones between tool and workpiece as well as between tool and chip. Heat dissipation, i.e., cooling of the workpiece and washing chips away from the contact zone, is a further important function of the coolant (Brinksmeier et al. 1999, 2004; Inasaki et...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LFM – Labor für MikrozerspanungBremenGermany