CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart


Reference work entry


Grinding is defined as machining, using tools with a large number of geometrically undefined cutting edges with mostly negative rake angles, which are composed of natural or synthetic abrasive material retained by a bonding material. The chip formation is characterized by a noncontinuous contact and a high relative velocity between the abrasive grains and the workpiece.

Theory and Application


Grinding is a manufacturing process that belongs to the group of material removal processes. Material removal processes can be subdivided into the groups of cutting processes and abrasive processes. Grinding differs from other abrasive processes such as honing, lapping, polishing, and blasting by the tools that are used, the depth of cut, and the kinematics during chip formation. The tools that are used for grinding are grinding wheels, pins, and belts, where the abrasive grains are retained in a bonding material. The main advantages of grinding are:
  • The good machinability...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Manufacturing Technology and Production SystemsUniversity of KaiserlauternKaiserlauternGermany