CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Cutting Force Modeling

  • Karla P. Monroy Vazquez
  • Claudio Giardini
  • Elisabetta Ceretti
Reference work entry



Cutting Force. Is a force that is generated by the cutting tool as it machines the workpiece. It can be divided into primary and secondary cutting forces.

Primary Cutting Force. Is a cutting force that is directly generated by the relative motion of the cutting tool with respect to the workpiece during machining. It occurs in the same direction as cutting tool movement.

Secondary Cutting Force. Is a cutting force that is generated in response to primary cutting forces, for example, vibrations during the machining.

Cutting Forces Modeling. The mathematical representation of a machining process in order to study the effects of varying process parameters on the cutting forces.

Theory and Application

Machining is a process of chip formation. Although the final purpose is to obtain a determined form and shape from the cutting of the material, this has to be done by creating defined chips. Thus machining is a process in which...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karla P. Monroy Vazquez
    • 1
  • Claudio Giardini
    • 2
  • Elisabetta Ceretti
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Innovation in Design and TechnologyInstitute Technologic y de Studios Superiors de Monterrey- MXMonterreyMexico
  2. 2.Department of Design and TechnologiesUniversity of BergamoBergamoItaly
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of BresciaBresciaItaly