CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Composite Materials

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6396

Synonyms

Definition

Composite materials are made from at least two materials with substantially different mechanical properties. The mechanical properties of the composite material are different from the constituent materials.

There are three types of composite materials:
  • Ceramic matrix composites (CMC) consisting of fibers embedded in a ceramic matrix.

  • Metal matrix composites (MMC) consisting of fibers embedded in a metal ceramic matrix.

  • Fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) made of a polymer matrix reinforced with fibers.

Theory and Application

Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMC)

Applications

Originally, requirements in aerospace applications played a decisive role in developing ceramic matrix composites. Selection criteria for materials in power plants, heat shield systems for space shuttles and rockets, were a desperate temperature resistance and good characteristics considering its mass. In practice, one of the first CMCs used was the carbon-fiber-reinforced carbons (C/C)....

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References

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Spanende FertigungTechnische Universität DortmundDortmundGermany
  2. 2.Mechanical EngineeringTechnical University of Dortmund ISFDortmundGermany