Electroplating means a process by which a layer (metal, alloy, composite, etc.) is produced in an electrolyte under the influence of an electrical current on a conducting substrate. The electrolyte (also called plating bath) contains ions of the material to be plated.
Theory and Application
The theory of electroplating is closely related to the theory of charge transfer processes at electrified interfaces (Bard and Faulkner 2001).
Typical applications comprise the cathodic deposition of metal and alloy layers for surface finishing applications. Many recipes can be found in Schlesinger and Paunovic (2010).