CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Artificial Intelligence

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_16703

Synonyms

Definitions

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs that exhibit characteristics associated with intelligence in human behavior including among other faculties of reasoning, learning, goal seeking, problem solving, and adaptability.

AI is not always about simulating or mimicking human intelligence. AI solutions can rely on abilities or methods which cannot be observed in human beings, animals, or communities thereof, for example, the capability to carry out large-scale computations.

Theory and Applications

Introduction

AI is usually originated to Alan Turing, an English mathematician who gave a lecture on AI in 1947. The famous Turing test from 1950 claims that if the machine could successfully pretend to be human to a knowledgeable observer, then it certainly should be considered intelligent.

Like in case of other disciplines, many AI researchers were...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Manufacturing Science and Technology, Engineering and Management IntelligenceBudapest University of Technology and Economics, Computer and Automation Research Institute, Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary