CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Agent Theory

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_16702

Synonyms

Definition

Agent theory provides the basis for a novel paradigm of computation. While agent-based computing (or simply, agent system) has several roots as far as its concepts, models, and enabling technologies are concerned, there is a general consensus about its two main abstractions (Wooldridge 2009; Luck et al. 2005; Shoham and Leyton-Brown 2009):
  • An agent is a computational system that is situated in an unpredictable, dynamic environment where it is capable of exhibiting autonomous and intelligent behavior.

  • An agent’s environment typically includes also other agents with diverging information and/or interests. The community of interacting agents, as a whole, operates as a multi-agent system (MAS) that can solve such complex problems that are beyond the limits of individual agents.

Theory and Application

History

The theory of computational agents goes back at least a quarter of a century when...

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References

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Laboratory of Engineering and Management IntelligenceInstitute for Computer Science and Control, Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary