CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Coevolution of Manufacturing Systems

Reference work entry



The coevolution paradigm refers to the joint design, development and management of products, processes, and production systems throughout their life cycles. These three entities are defined in the following consistent with the CIRP Dictionary of Production Engineering:
  • Product is the output of the transformation made by a production system during execution of a process.

  • Process is the set of basic operations and logical procedures executed by the manufacturing (production) system to carry out a transformation resulting in obtaining a product.

  • Production (manufacturing) system is the set of resources, control logics, and management policies that allow performing a transformation to obtain a product by executing a process.

Theory and Application


Manufacturing is challenged worldwide by complex economic, sociopolitical, and technological dynamics having tremendous impact on strategies followed by...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. AlGeddawy T, ElMaraghy HA (2010) Co-evolution hypotheses and model for manufacturing planning. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 59(1):445–448CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. ElMaraghy HA, AlGeddawy T (2012) Co-evolution of products and manufacturing capabilities and application in auto-parts assembly. Flex Serv Manuf J (FSMJ) 24(2):142–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. ElMaraghy H, AlGeddawy T, Azab A (2008) Modelling evolution in manufacturing: a biological analogy. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 57(1):467–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ko J, Hu SJ, Huang T (2005) Reusability assessment for manufacturing systems. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 54(1):113–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Terkaj W, Tolio T, Valente A (2009a) Design of focused flexibility manufacturing systems (FFMSs). In: Tolio T (ed) Design of flexible production systems: methodologies and tools. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 137–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Terkaj W, Tolio T, Valente A (2009b) Focused flexibility in production systems. In: ElMaraghy HA (ed) Changeable and reconfigurable manufacturing systems. Springer, London, pp 47–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Tolio T, Ceglarek D, ElMaraghy HA, Fischer A, Hu SJ, Laperrière L, Newman ST, Váncza J (2010) SPECIES – co-evolution of products, processes and production systems. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 59(2):672–693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ueda K, Takenaka T, Váncza J, Monostori L (2009) Value creation and decision-making in sustainable society. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 58(2):681–700CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Wiendahl H-P, ElMaraghy HA, Nyhuis P, Zäh MF, Wiendahl H-H, Duffie N, Brieke M (2007) Changeable manufacturing – classification, design and operation. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 56(2):783–809CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Zhang WJ, van Luttervelt CA (2011) Toward a resilient manufacturing system. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 60(1):469–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ITIA Institute of Industrial Technologies and AutomationCNR National Research CouncilMilanItaly
  2. 2.Canada Research Chair in Manufacturing SystemsIndustrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) Centre, University of WindsorONCanada
  3. 3.ISTePS, Institute of Systems and Technologies for Sustainable ProductionSUPSIMannoSwitzerland