ATP synthase, LUCA, proton gradient, Sodium motive force
Proton motive force (PMF) is the force that promotes movement of protons across membranes downhill the electrochemical potential.
A difference of solute concentration between two compartments separated by a biological membrane generates a tendency to equilibrium, which, in the case of protons, is called proton motive force (PMF). This is measured in terms of the potential energy resulting from the difference in concentration between the two compartments. With a charged solute, the potential has two components: the chemical (concentration) and the electrical potentials, (Fig. 1) thus, it is named electrochemical potential.
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References and Further Reading
Baker-Austin C, Dopson M (2007) Life in acid: pH homeostasis in acidophiles. Trends Microbiol 15:165–171
Daniel H, Spanier B, Kottra G, Weitz D (2006) From bacteria to man: archaic proton-dependent peptide transporters at work. Physiology (Bethesda) 21:93–102
Harris DA (1995) Bioenergetics at a glance: an illustrated introduction. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford
Lane N, Allen JF, Martin W (2010) How did LUCA make a living? Chemiosmosis in the origin of life. BioEssays. doi: 10.1002/bies.200900131
Nicholls DG, Ferguson SJ (2002) Bioenergetics 3. Academic, London
Papa S, Lorusso M, Di Paola M (2006) Cooperativity and flexibility of the protonmotive activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain. Biochim Biophys Acta 1757:428–436
Editors and Affiliations
© 2011 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
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Abad, J.P. (2011). Proton Motive Force. In: Gargaud, M., et al. Encyclopedia of Astrobiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-11274-4_141
Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Print ISBN: 978-3-642-11271-3
Online ISBN: 978-3-642-11274-4