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Adolescent Nutrition and Weight Control

  • Alicia Dixon DocterEmail author
  • Cora Collette Breuner
Reference work entry

Factors Influencing Nutritional Needs

The onset of puberty and emergence into adolescence presents unique nutritional challenges due to dramatic changes in physical, cognitive, and emotional development. There is increased demand for nutrients due to pronounced change in body composition, linear growth and increases in muscle mass, subcutaneous fat, and bone density. Layered on to this is substantial individual variability for each adolescent dependent on their genetic, environmental, and psychosocial milieu. Reliance on peers, greater independence in food choice, and widely variant increases in physical activity add complexity to helping adolescents meet their nutritional needs. School, community, and societal influences are appropriate to acknowledge when working with this population.

Normal Eating and Adolescent Nutrition

An adolescent’s relationship with food has been developing since infancy. In an ideal situation, the teen will gradually emancipate and begin to meet their own...

Keywords

Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorder Bulimia Nervosa Fast Food Body Satisfaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Family and Child NursingSeattle Children’s Hospital M/S: W-3726, University of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of PediatricsSeattle Children’s Hospital M/S: W-7831SeattleUSA

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