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Basic Life Support

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Encyclopedia of Intensive Care Medicine


EMT-basic; Field medicine; First responder; Out-of-hospital care


Basic life support (BLS) is defined as a variety of noninvasive emergency procedures performed to assist in the immediate survival of a patient, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation, hemorrhage control, stabilization of fractures, spinal immobilization, and basic first aid. Some of these procedures can be lifesaving and are often important to implement early. Specifically in the case of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation with automatic external defibrillators (AEDs), BLS procedures can have a significant impact on survival, and are typically delivered by initial responders (sometimes referred to as first-responders) until more advanced and definitive medical care can be implemented. BLS is typically provided by either first responders or emergency medical technician (EMT)-basics.


BLS can be provided by first responders or EMTs. EMTs are classified as EMT-basic...

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© 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Colwell, C.B., Soriya, G. (2012). Basic Life Support. In: Vincent, JL., Hall, J.B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Intensive Care Medicine. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-00417-9

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