Encyclopedia of Intensive Care Medicine

2012 Edition
| Editors: Jean-Louis Vincent, Jesse B. Hall

Abbreviated Injury Scale

  • Howard R. ChampionEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00418-6_355


The Abbreviated Injury Scale has no synonyms. It is commonly known by its acronym (AIS), however, with versions noted by year, for example, AIS 2005


Injury Severity Scoring

Injury severity scoring systems are used to measure the impact of injury both in terms of physical damage and of response of the body to that damage. Anatomic scores describe the force applied to the body and indicate site of injury and extent of damage. Physiologic scores (discussed elsewhere) attempt to summarize the body’s response to injury (e.g., changes in blood pressure, respiratory rate, and responsiveness).

Injury severity scores are used to characterize injury severity and predict patient outcome; to aid health-care personnel in making triage and patient management decisions; in objective assessment of prehospital, trauma center, and trauma system care; and in clinical research, quality assurance/improvement, and resource allocation. Anatomic scores are used to compare injuries for the...

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  1. 1.
    Committee on Medical Aspects of Automotive Safety (1971) Rating the severity of tissue damage. JAMA 215:277–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Expert Group on Injury Severity Measurement. Discussion document on injury severity measurement in administrative datasets. May 5, 2005. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/injury/DicussionDocu.pdf. Accessed 17 Mar 2010
  3. 3.
    Gennarelli TA, Baker SP, Bryant TW et al (1985) Abbreviated Injury Scale 1985 Revision. American Association for Automotive Medicine, Arlington HeightsGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gennarelli TA, Wodzin E (2006) AIS 2005: A contemporary injury scale. Injury 37:1083–1091PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Copes WS, Champion HR, Sacco WJ et al (1988) The injury severity score revisited. J Trauma 28:69–77PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Uniformed Services University of the Health SciencesBethesdaUSA