Dermal Safety Evaluation: Use of Disposable Diaper Products in the Elderly

Reference work entry


Disposable diapers for adults are widely used in many parts of the developed world, to safely and effectively manage urinary and fecal incontinence. Their usage is relatively uncommon in the developing world, although adult diapers are manufactured and exported from and used in India and China, to a limited extent. It is estimated that 90–95% of adult incontinent diapers that are used in developed nations are of the disposable kind. These products are in direct contact with the skin of the individual when worn, and given that adult diapers are changed three times a day on average, an incontinent adult may be exposed to approximately a thousand disposable diapers per year.


Acrylic Acid Quantitative Risk Assessment Super Absorbent Polymer Disposable Diaper Incontinent Urine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors wish to thank Mr. Yukio Heki, Principal Scientist, Procter & Gamble Japan K.K. for use of Figs. 82.2 and 82.3 , and for his valuable insights on adult diaper types and usage habits among incontinent individuals in Japan.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Procter & Gamble, Japan K.K.  
  2. 2.The Procter & Gamble CompanyCincinnatiUSA

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