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Physics of Light Emission from Rare-Earth Doped Phosphors

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A detailed discussion of characteristics of rare earth element doped phosphors is presented via a discussion of the f-f, d-f, and charge-transfer electronic transitions associated with rare earth ions. This chapter explains how the Dieke diagram is used to characterize these transitions, and uses the phosphors Y2O3:Eu3+ and YAG:Ce3+ as specific examples of important phosphors.


  • Electronic Transition
  • Orbital Angular Momentum
  • Crystal Field Splitting
  • Term Symbol
  • Valence Electron Configuration

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-79567-4_68
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Rare Earth Element


Yttrium Aluminum Garnet


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Further Reading

  • Kitai AH (ed) (1993) Solid state luminescence. Chapman & Hall, London

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  • Kitai AH (ed) (2008) Luminescent materials. Wiley, Chichester

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  • Ronda C (ed) (2008) Luminescence. Wiley VCH, Weinheim

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  • Yen WM, Shionoya S, Yamamoto H (2007) Phosphor handbook, 2nd edn. CRC, Boca Raton

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Correspondence to Robert Withnall .

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© 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Withnall, R., Silver, J. (2012). Physics of Light Emission from Rare-Earth Doped Phosphors. In: Chen, J., Cranton, W., Fihn, M. (eds) Handbook of Visual Display Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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