Encyclopedia of Psychopharmacology

2010 Edition
| Editors: Ian P. Stolerman

Pathological Gambling

  • Christine A. Franco
  • Marc N. Potenza
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-68706-1_349

Synonyms

Definition

Pathological gambling (PG) is classified as an  impulse control disorder ( ICD) characterized by persistent and recurrent maladaptive  gambling behavior and resulting in impaired social and/or occupational functioning ( DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association 2000). An essential feature of ICDs is the diminished ability to resist drives or urges to perform behaviors that may be harmful; consistently, individuals with PG frequently score high on measures of impulsivity. While classified as an ICD, PG shares many similarities with substance dependence. Of the ten diagnostic criteria that characterize PG, four resemble symptoms commonly observed in  substance dependence including an intense preoccupation with gambling, repeated or unsuccessful attempts to stop or cut down, and aspects of tolerance and withdrawal (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Other similarities...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association (2000) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th edn. – Text Revision). American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  2. Black DW, Shaw MC, Forbush KT, Allen J (2007) An open-label trial of escitalopram in the treatment of pathological gambling. Clin Neuropharmacol 30(4):206–212PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Black DW, Shaw MC, Allen J (2008) Extended release carbamazepine in the treatment of pathological gambling: An open-label study. Progr Neuro-psychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 32:1191–1194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brewer JA, Grant JE, Potenza MN (2008) The treatment of pathologic gambling. Addict Disord Their Treat 7(1):1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brewer JA, Potenza MN (2008) The neurobiology and genetics of impulse control disorders: Relationships to drug addictions. Biochem Pharmacol 75:63–75PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grant JE, Potenza MN (2007) Treatments for pathological gambling and other impulse control disorders. In: Nathan PE, Gorman JM (eds) A guide to treatments that work, 3rd edn. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 561–577Google Scholar
  7. Grant JE, Potenza MN (2008) Pharmacologic treatment of impulse control disorders. Psychopharm Rev 43(9):67–74Google Scholar
  8. Iancu I, Lowengrub K, Dembinsky Y, Kotler M, Dannon PN (2008) Pathological gambling: An update on neuropathophysiology and pharmacotherapy. CNS Drugs 22(2):123–138PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ibanez A, Blanco C, Donahue E, Lesieur HR, de Castro IP, Fernandez-Piqueras J et al (2001) Psychiatric comorbidity in pathological gamblers seeking treatment. Am J Psychiatry 158:1733–1735PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kim SW, Grant JE (2001) The psychopharmacology of pathological gambling. Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry 6(3):184–194PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Williams WA, Potenza MN (2008) The neurobiology of impulse control disorders. Rev Brasileiria de Psiquiatria 30(S1):24–30Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA