Biogenic Impact on Materials


Materials as constituents of products or components of technical systems rarely exist in isolation and many must cope with exposure in the natural world. This chapter describes methods that simulate how a material is influenced through contact with living systems such as microorganisms and arthropods. Both unwanted and desirable interactions are considered. This biogenic impact on materials is intimately associated with the environment to which the material is exposed (Materials-Environment Interaction, Chap. 15). Factors such as moisture, temperature and availability of food sources all have a significant influence on biological systems. Corrosion (Chap. 12) and wear (Chap. 13) can also be induced or enhanced in the presence of microorganisms. Section 14.1 introduces the categories between desired (biodegradation) and undesired (biodeterioration) biological effects on materials. It also introduces the role of biocides for the protection of materials. Section 14.2 describes the testing of wood as a building material especially against microorganisms and insects. Section 14.3 characterizes the test methodologies for two other groups of organic materials, namely polymers (Sect. 14.3.1) and paper and textiles (Sect. 14.3.2). Section 14.4 deals with the susceptibility of inorganic materials such as metals (Sect. 14.4.1), concrete (Sect. 14.4.2) and ceramics (Sect. 14.4.3) to biogenic impact. Section 14.5 treats the testing methodology concerned with the performance of coatings and coating materials. In many of these tests specific strains of organisms are employed. It is vital that these strains retain their ability to utilize/attack the substrate from which they were isolated, even when kept for many years in the laboratory. Section 14.6 therefore considers the importance of maintaining robust and representative test organisms that are as capable of utilizing a substrate as their counterparts in nature such that realistic predictions of performance can be made.


Extracellular Polymeric Substance Wood Preservative Biodegradable Plastic Black Crust Mulch Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



atomic force microscopy


Association Française de Normalisation


amplified Ribosomal DNA Restriction Analysis


American Society for Testing and Materials


European Standardisation Organisation


Deutsches Institut für Normung


dissolved organic carbon


extracellular polymeric substances


fluorescence in situ hybridization


gas chromatography


International Biodeterioration Research Group


ion cyclotron resonance


International Organization for Standardization


Japanese Standardization Organization


microbially induced corrosion


Ministry of International Trade and Industry of Japan


modulus of elasticity


Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development


polymerase chain reaction


polyvinyl chloride


random amplified polymorphic DNA


restriction fragment length polymorphism


relative humidity


scanning confocal laser microscopy


scanning electron microscope


Ente Nationale Italiano di Unificazione


volatile organic carbon


ribosomal RNA


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division IV.1 Biology in Materials Protection and Environmental IssuesFederal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)BerlinGermany
  2. 2.IMSL, Industrial Microbiological Services LimitedHartley WintneyUK
  3. 3.Geomicrobiology, ICBMCarl von Ossietzky Universität OldenburgOldenburgGermany
  4. 4.BerlinGermany
  5. 5.Division IV.1Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)BerlinGermany
  6. 6.Material EcologyBIOGEMAEdewechtGermany
  7. 7.TU-BCEGesellschaft für Biotechnologische Forschung mbHBraunschweigGermany
  8. 8.Division IV.1, Materials and EnvironmentFederal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)BerlinGermany
  9. 9.Environmental Compatibility of MaterialsFederal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)BerlinGermany
  10. 10.Laboratory for Corrosion ProtectionIserlohn University of Applied SciencesIserlohnGermany
  11. 11.Division IV.1 Materials and EnvironmentFederal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)BerlinGermany

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