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(3078) Horrocks

Reference work entry

1984 FG. Discovered 1984 Mar. 31 by E. Bowell at Anderson Mesa.

Named for Jeremiah Horrocks (1619–1641), the English astronomer who predicted the transit of Venus across the face of the Sun in 1639 Nov. and became the first to see such an event. From his observations he improved the orbital elements and the diameter of Venus. He believed the Moon to have an elliptical orbit with the Earth at one focus — a fact that Newton {see planet  (8000)} was later to acknowledge. (M 10846)

Name proposed by the discoverer following a suggestion by B. Hetherington.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

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