Discovered 1854 Mar. 1 by R. Luther at Düsseldorf.
Named for the war goddess, wife, sister, nurse or mother of Mars. (H 5)
Named by J. F. Encke.
The planet was named at the outset of the Crimean War (1854–1856). See also the remarks to planets (40) and (494). The sign of the planet is given in AN 38, 143 (1854): “die Geissel und der Spiess der kriegerischen Open image in new window Schwester des Mars.”