(2306) Bauschinger

Reference work entry

1939 PM. Discovered 1939 Aug. 15 by K. Reinmuth at Heidelberg.

Named in memory of Julius Bauschinger (1860–1934), eminent German astronomer, professor of astronomy and director of the Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Berlin, and the Leipzig University Observatory. For almost 15 years, Bauschinger worked on classical astrometric problems at the Munich Observatory. His extensive meridian observations resulted in two large catalogues, Münchener Sternverzeichnisse, including mean places of almost 50,000 stars. He also discussed the orbit of periodic comet Brooks 2 (1889 V) in great detail. Successor of F. Tietjen {see planet  (2158)}, Bauschinger in 1897 managed the separation of the ARI from the Berlin Observatory. For many years, he was editor of the famous Berliner Astronomisches Jahrbuch. With P. V. Neugebauer, Bauschinger elaborated tables of the history and statistics of minor planets  (1901) and his well-known textbook on orbit determination Die Bahnbestimmung der Himmelskörper  (1906). The decade 1909–1919 was a period of practical work at the Strasbourg Observatory 49-cm refractor, with which he photometrically observed NGC nebulae and measured double stars. As director of the Leipzig Observatory (1920–1930), Bauschinger heavily supported a repetition of the AG zones project. (M 18447)

Name proposed and citation prepared by L.D.Schmadel.

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© Springer-Verlag 2003

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