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(12) Victoria

Reference work entry

Discovered 1850 Sept. 13 by J. R. Hind at London.

Named after the Roman goddess of victory, daughter of the giant Pallas {see planet  (2)}, or Titan and Styx; also the reigning queen of England. The corresponding Greek goddess Nike {see planet  (307)} was added some 40 years later to the asteroid sky. The adopted sign for this planet is described in AN 31, 191 (1850): Open image in new window “Es ist ein Stern mit einem Lorbeerzweige.” (H 3)

A celebrated controversy arose over the naming, as some astronomers objected to the use of the name of a reigning sovereign. B. A. Gould, editor of the Astronomical Journal adopted Clio, an alternative name proposed by the discoverer. W. C. Bond {see planet  (767)}, Harvard College Observatory, held that the mythological condition was fulfilled, and the name justified, an opinion concurred in by the great majority of astronomers.

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© Springer-Verlag 2003

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