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Exercise refers to planned, structured, and repetitive movement to improve or maintain one or more components of physical fitness and/or to enhance motor task performance. It covers all forms of conscious and active muscle movements. These movements can be part of different activities like laboring, training, sports activities, lifestyle activities, and warfare. Exercise performance is of two types: rhythmic (aerobic exercise) and isometric (anaerobic exercise). The latter form of exercise is of short duration. In many physical activities, both forms of exercise are involved.


Speed Training

Training, Aerobic

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© 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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(2012). Exercise. In: Mooren, F.C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-36065-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-540-29807-6

  • eBook Packages: MedicineReference Module Medicine