Skip to main content


  • Reference work entry
  • First Online:
Encyclopedia of Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease


Carbohydrate; Diet; Fat; Food; Minerals; Nourishment; Protein; Sustenance; Vitamins


Nutrition is the study of the energy, nutrient, and liquid requirements of human beings and animals to determine their normal physiological requirements for good health. These nutrient requirements may change for different groups of individuals (e.g., age, gender, ethnicity) and under different physiological conditions (e.g., growth, pregnancy, disease, stress). The study of nutrition is broad and can range from the study of how nutrients from food and liquid are absorbed, digested, and transported into the body, to how the body metabolizes these nutrients to provide energy and maintains health. The key nutrients are given in Table 1.

Nutrition. Table 1 Nutrients considered essential for man [1]

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 949.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 1,099.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


  1. Carpenter KJ, Harper AE (2006) Evolution of knowledge of essential nutrients. In: Shils ME, Shike M, Ross AC, Caballero B, Cousins RJ (eds) Modern nutrition in health and disease. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 3–9

    Google Scholar 

  2. Steinmuller P, Meyer NL, Kruskal LJ, Manore MM, Rodriquez NR, Macedonio M, Bird RL, Berning JR (2009) American Dietetic Association: standards of practice and standards of professional performance for registered dietitians (Generalist, specialty, advanced) in sports dietetics. J Am Diet Assoc 109(3):544–552

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Manore MM, Meyer N, Thompson JA (2009) Sport nutrition for health and performance, 2nd edn. Human Kinetics, Champaign

    Google Scholar 

  4. Burke L, Deakin V (eds) (2006) Clinical sports nutrition, 3rd edn. McGraw-Hill, Sydney

    Google Scholar 

  5. Beals KA (2004) Disordered eating among athletes. A comprehensive guide for health professionals. Human Kinetics, Champaign

    Google Scholar 

  6. Gibson RS (2005) Principles of nutritional assessment, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Melinda M. Manore PhD, RD .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this entry

Cite this entry

Manore, M.M. (2012). Nutrition. In: Mooren, F.C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-36065-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-540-29807-6

  • eBook Packages: MedicineReference Module Medicine

Publish with us

Policies and ethics