- 4 Downloads
A coincidence is a remarkable coming together of two or more incidents without an obvious causal connection between them (Beitman 2021). The word coincidence attracts two kinds of adjectives. One group implies no cause. These include: coincidental, mere, only, pure, true, sheer, and just. The other group implies that there might be a cause: meaningful, remarkable, and amazing. Throughout human existence the mystery of coincidences with the possibility of discoverable causes has fueled human curiosity. Coincidences can offer clues to how reality works (Johansen and Osman 2015) because they are hints of explanations not yet considered.
The nineteenth-century philologist H.E. Shepherd traced the origins of the words coincide and coincidence. He suggests that they probably began in Medieval Latin and then passed into the vocabulary of scholarly English writers during the first half of the seventeenth century, before probably being taken up by mathematicians during the great...
KeywordsMind Object Meaningful coincidence Synchronicity Carl Jung Serendipity, Horace Walpole Simulpathity, probability, random, personal agency, God Complexity Chaos, quantum, fractals
- Austin, J. (2003). Chase, chance, and creativity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Bache, C. M. (2008). The living classroom: Teaching and collective consciousness. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
- Beitman, B. D. (2016a). Are we becoming nodes in the vast internet connectivity? Psychology Today. November 30. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/connecting-coincidence/201611/are-we-becoming-nodes-in-the-vast-internet-connectivity. Accessed 11 Jan 2021.
- Beitman, B. D. (2016b). Connecting with coincidence. Huntington Beach: Health Communications.Google Scholar
- Beitman, B. D. Weird coincidence survey. Connecting with coincidence. https://coincider.com/weird-coincidence-survey. Accessed 12 Jan 2021.
- Beitman, B. D. (forthcoming) Knowing coincidences: How and why they happen.Google Scholar
- Blackmore, S. J., & Chamberlain, F. (1993). ESP and thought concordance in twins: A method of comparison. Journal of the Society of Psychical Research, 59(831), 89–96. http://www.susanblackmore.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/JSPR-1993.pdf. Accessed 11 Jan 2021.Google Scholar
- Bohm, D. (1980). Wholeness and the implicate order. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Browne, L. (2019). Coincidence in fiction and literature. Australian Journal of Parapsychology, 19(1), 45–75.Google Scholar
- Cambray, J. (2011). Moments of complexity and enigmatic action: A Jungian view of the therapeutic field. Analytical Psychology, 56(3), 296–309. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5922.2011.01912_2.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Clayton, P. (2006). Conceptual foundations of emergence theory. (pp. 1-31). In P. Clayton & P. Davies (Eds.), The re-emergence of emergence. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Copeland, S. (2015). The case of the triggered memory: Serendipitous discovery and the ethics of clinical research. Thesis. September. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.5084.7607.
- Copeland, S. (2016). Fleming’s discovery of penicillin a paradigmatic case of serendipity, or not? Semantic Scholar. https://samofserendip.files.wordpress.com/2016/05/h-o-serendipitous-fleming-final-web.pdf. Accessed 11 Jan 2021.
- Deikman, A. (1982). The observing self. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
- Duggan, M. (2020). Rex G Stanford. In Psi encyclopedia. London: The Society for Psychical Research. https://psi-encyclopedia.spr.ac.uk/articles/rex-g-stanford. Accessed 15 Aug 2020.
- Hand, D. J. (2014). The improbability principle: Why coincidences, miracles, and rare events happen every day. New York: Scientific American.Google Scholar
- Hand, D. J. (2015). The improbability principle: Why coincidences, miracles, and rare events happen every day. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
- Honner, J. (1988). The description of nature: Niels Bohr and the philosophy of quantum physics (p. 186). Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
- Hopcke, R. (1998). There are no accidents: Synchronicity and the stories of our lives. New York: Riverhead.Google Scholar
- Irvine, A. (2008). Infinite possibility: Frameworks for understanding extraordinary human experience. Bloomington: Author House.Google Scholar
- Jaworski, J. (2011). Synchronicity: The inner path of leadership. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
- Jung, C. (1973). Synchronicity: An acausal connecting principle in vol. 8 of the collected works of C. G. Jung, jung extracts. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Jung, C. G. (1977). Mysterium Coniunctionis. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Jung, C. (2010). Synchronicity: An Acausal connecting principle. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Kastrup, B. (2019). The idea of the world. Hampshire: Iff Books.Google Scholar
- Lewis, R. (2020). The science of serendipity. Psychology Today, 53, 54–63.Google Scholar
- Meacham, J. (2012). Thomas Jefferson: The art of power. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
- Meyers, M. A. (2007). Happy accidents: Serendipity in modern medical breakthroughs. New York: Arcade Publishing.Google Scholar
- Orzel, C. (2017). How do you create quantum entanglement? Forbes, Feb 28. https://www.forbes.com/sites/chadorzel/2017/02/28/how-do-you-create-quantum-entanglement. Accessed 12 Jan 2020.
- Peat, F. D. (1987). Synchronicity: The bridge between matter and mind. New York: Bantam Books.Google Scholar
- Peat, F. D. (2014). Synchronicity: The marriage of matter and psyche. Pari: Pari Publishing.Google Scholar
- Playfair, G. (2012). Twin telepathy. Guildford: White Crow Books.Google Scholar
- Pryor, R. L. G. & Bright, J. (2007). The Chaos theory of careers: Theory, practice and process. Research Gate, 46–56. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/286544450_The_Chaos_Theory_of_Careers_Theory_Practice_and_Process
- Purves, D., Augustine, G. J., Fitzpatrick, D., et al. (Eds.). (2001). Types of eye movements and their functions. Neuroscience (2nd ed.). Sunderland: Sinauer Associates.Google Scholar
- Rawlette, S. H. (2019). The source and significance of coincidences. Self-Published.Google Scholar
- Rhine, J. B. (1947). The reach of the mind. W. Sloane Associates.Google Scholar
- Rushnell, S. D. (2006). When god winks at you: How god speaks directly to you through the power of coincidence. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.Google Scholar
- Sacco, R. G. (2018). Fibonacci harmonics: A new mathematical model of synchronicity. Applied Mathematics, 9(6). https://doi.org/10.4236/am.2018.96048.
- Shermer, M. (2003). Why most scientists do not believe in ESP and psi phenomena. Scientific American. https://michaelshermer.com/sciam-columns/psychic-drift. Accessed 12 Jan 2020.
- Shermer, M. (2014). Anomalous events that can shake one’s Skepticism to the core. Scientific American. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/anomalous-events-that-can-shake-one-s-skepticism-to-the-core. Accessed 12 Jan 2021.
- Shermer, M. (2018). Do anomalies prove the existence of God? Scientific American. https://michaelshermer.com/articles/do-anomalies-prove-gods-existence. Accessed 12 Jan 2020.
- Stanford, R. G., & Stio, A. (1976). Associative mediation in psi-mediated instrumental response (PMIR). In J. D. Morris, W. G. Roll, & R. L. Morris (Eds.), Research in parapsychology 1975. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press.Google Scholar
- Stanford, R. G., Zennhausern, R., Taylor, A., & Dwyer, M. (1975). Psychokinesis as a psi-mediated instrumental response. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 69(2), 127–133.Google Scholar
- Stevenson, I. (1970). Telepathic impressions. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.Google Scholar
- Townley, J., & Schmidt, R. (1994). Paul Kammerer and the law of seriality. Fortean Studies, 1, 251–260.Google Scholar
- Williams, G. A. (2015). Demystifying meaningful coincidences (synchronicities): The evolving self, the personal unconscious, and the creative process. Lanham: Jason Aronson.Google Scholar
- Yaqub, O. (2017) Serendipity: Towards a taxonomy and a theory. Research Policy, 47(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2017.10.007.