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Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture, Livelihoods, and Women in Nile Delta, Egypt

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Climate change is a significant and a fundamental threat to global food security in the whole world and has a significant threat to agricultural sector in Egypt. Without adaptation to climate change in agriculture sector, it will not be possible to achieve sustainable development especially in food security, and many people will lose their source of living. Putting adaptation and resilience into account before and during planning and national action plans will make great difference.

Egyptian rural communities face other kind of pressures in addition to climate change that reduce their adaptability and affect the agriculture sector and its workers, which must be taken into account when considering the impact of climate change on agriculture, such as the lack of governmental information, government coordination with farmers, and guidance on adaptation to climate change, among others.

Climate change impacts are not experienced in the same way by both genders. Women are suffering in many ways to reach to information and deal with the changing climate either that relate to agriculture or the extreme events. According to literature there is a gender gap in agriculture; addressing this gap before planning and making decisions could lead to better outcomes and butter futures.


  • Climate Change
  • Agriculture
  • Women
  • Nile Delta
  • Vulnerability
  • Adaptation

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93336-8_53
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Correspondence to Marwa R. Hafez .

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Hafez, M.R. (2020). Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture, Livelihoods, and Women in Nile Delta, Egypt. In: Leal Filho, W. (eds) Handbook of Climate Change Resilience. Springer, Cham.

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