Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture, Livelihoods, and Women in Nile Delta, Egypt

  • Marwa R. HafezEmail author
Reference work entry


Climate change is a significant and a fundamental threat to global food security in the whole world and has a significant threat to agricultural sector in Egypt. Without adaptation to climate change in agriculture sector, it will not be possible to achieve sustainable development especially in food security, and many people will lose their source of living. Putting adaptation and resilience into account before and during planning and national action plans will make great difference.

Egyptian rural communities face other kind of pressures in addition to climate change that reduce their adaptability and affect the agriculture sector and its workers, which must be taken into account when considering the impact of climate change on agriculture, such as the lack of governmental information, government coordination with farmers, and guidance on adaptation to climate change, among others.

Climate change impacts are not experienced in the same way by both genders. Women are suffering in many ways to reach to information and deal with the changing climate either that relate to agriculture or the extreme events. According to literature there is a gender gap in agriculture; addressing this gap before planning and making decisions could lead to better outcomes and butter futures.


Climate Change Agriculture Women Nile Delta Vulnerability Adaptation 


  1. Abd-El Wahab HM (2005) The impact of geographical information system on environmental development. MSc thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Al Azhar University, CairoGoogle Scholar
  2. Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, CAPMAS (2017) Egypt in figures. Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS), CairoGoogle Scholar
  3. Conti L, Easton M, Saldais M et al (2016) Humanities and social sciences 7: Western Australian curriculum. Oxford University Press, South Melbourne, pp 216–226Google Scholar
  4. David N, Yates K, Strzepek M (1998) An assessment of integrated climate change impacts on the agricultural economy of Egypt. Clim Change 38:261–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Helmy M. Eid, Samia M. El-Marsafawy, Samiha A. Ouda (2007) Assessing the economic impacts of climate change on agriculture in Egypt: a Ricardian approach. In: The World Bank, Development Research Group, policy research working paper 4293, Sustainable rural and urban development teamGoogle Scholar
  6. El Sharkawy H, Rashed H, Rached I (2009) Climate change: the impacts of sea level rise on Egypt. In: 45th ISOCARP congress, PortoGoogle Scholar
  7. El-Ramady HR, El-Marsafawy SM, Lewis LN (2013) Sustainable agriculture and climate changes in Egypt, Sustainable agriculture reviews, vol 12. Springer, Dordrecht. Scholar
  8. FAO (2010) Challenges and opportunities for carbon sequestration in grassland systems, Integrated Crop Management, vol 9. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  9. Fernando HJS, Klaić Z et al (2012) National security and human health implications of climate change, NATO science for peace and security series C: environmental security. Springer, DordrechtCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fischer G, Frohberg K et al (1994) Climate change and world food supply, demand, and trade: who benefits, who loses? Glob Environ Chang 4(1):7–23. Scholar
  11. Kutywayo D, Chemura A, Kusena W et al (2013) The impact of climate change on the potential distribution of agricultural pests: the case of the coffee white stem borer in Zimbabwe. PLoS One 8(8):e73432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Medany M (2008) Impact of climate change on Arab countries: chapter nine report of The Arab forum for environment and development. Technical Publications and Environment & Development magazine, Beirut. ISBN: 9953-437-24-6Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Graduate Studies and Research (IGSR)Alexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt

Personalised recommendations