Urbanization, Climate Linked Water Vulnerability as Impediments to Gender Equality: A Case Study of Delhi, India

  • Jagriti KherEmail author
  • Savita Aggarwal
  • Geeta Punhani
  • Sakshi Saini
Reference work entry


Poor urban and rural women bear the brunt of climate change as the dwindling availability of water and other natural resources makes their lives full of drudgery. They trudge longer distances and head load water for the family and struggle with poor water quality and unsafe sanitation. Climatic changes and the non-climatic drivers such as rapid urbanization and high rate of population growth will further confound the scenario and make the lives of poor women harder.

The present study has been conducted to assess the vulnerability of poor women residing in slums of Delhi, the capital city of India, to water- and climate-linked stresses using quantitative and qualitative approaches. An index called CVI-WH was used to quantify vulnerability of the slum women; the qualitative study was done using various participatory approaches. The study has shown very high vulnerability of the slum women to climate-linked water stresses as reflected by high CVI-WH values ranging between 0.62 and 0.67 across different regions.

Therefore, if the quality of life of poor women has to be improved, it is extremely important to enhance the adaptive capacity of women to face climatic stresses and to invest in water- and sanitation-related infrastructure.


Water Climate change Vulnerability Slums Poverty Urbanization Climate Vulnerability Index (CVI) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jagriti Kher
    • 1
    Email author
  • Savita Aggarwal
    • 1
  • Geeta Punhani
    • 1
  • Sakshi Saini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Development Communication and ExtensionInstitute of Home Economics, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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