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Building Community Capacity in Fragile Environments: Case Study of the Mara Serengeti Ecosystem

  • Rebekah KarimiEmail author
  • Albanus Mutiso
  • Lippa Wood
Reference work entry

Abstract

Pastoralists’ culture values the livestock, but many lack the capacity to establish Sustainable Rangeland Management (SRM) and optimal livestock management to maximize the output for the effort invested. The Grazing for Growth (G4G) curriculum at a training center on the northern edge of the Mara ecosystem aims to enhance disaster resilience of vulnerable communities to end drought emergencies in pastoralist environments by introducing new innovations while building on indigenous knowledge. The difference in overall quality between the experimental and control grazing blocks has improved from a difference of 7.6% in 2014 to 13.5% in 2018, demonstrating overall improvement in grassland managed through SRM. According to observational narrative, the improved quality of the grasslands has improved wildlife biodiversity and populations, although preliminary transect data is as yet inconclusive. Multiple enterprises support the community contributing to its overall resilience. A slaughterhouse eliminates the middleman in cattle trading. Tourism accounts for revenue from a lodge and visitors to a real estate entity capitalizing on the development of a bush-home community. Incorporating multifaceted enterprises is an important aspect of modern conservation of rangelands and promotes coexistence between people and wildlife by rehabilitating rangeland used by all.

Keywords

Biodiversity Climate change Disaster resilience Multiple enterprise model Natural resources Sustainable development Markets Sustainable rangeland management (SRM) Livestock 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Enonkishu ConservancyNarok CountyKenya
  2. 2.Mara Training CentreNarok CountyKenya

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