Enhancing the Capacity of Vulnerable Community to Climate Change: Role of Quality Declared Seed Production Model in Semi-arid Areas of Central Tanzania

  • E. Y. SwaiEmail author
  • F. Njau
  • M. Farrely
Reference work entry


In sub-Saharan Africa the rainfed agricultural sector is important and relies heavily on weather-sensitive agriculture. In the semi-arid areas of Tanzania, the overall quantity of rainfall has been declining over time leading to insecure harvests. The study was undertaken in semi-arid areas of Central Tanzania to explore the farmers’ perceptions on the main sources of food crop seeds, access to improved seeds and their limitations, willingness to engage in the production of Quality Declared Seed, and willingness to buy improved seeds. The study employed qualitative and quantitative tools to gather information on the crop production. Findings revealed that 76.4% (n = 400) of households are using poor quality recycled seeds mainly attributed to the lack of improved seeds (44.1%) and high price of improved seeds (41.8%) inter alia. As a result yields of major food crop were low (<1 t/ha) resulting to only 5% of household harvest crop produce that can last for more than 12 months and the rest of household harvest crop produce that can last for 3–9 months. Therefore in order to unravel the problem of food insecurity in uncertain climate of rural Tanzania, production of Quality Declared Seed tolerant to drought was introduced and has gained momentum.


Semi-arid Central Tanzania Quality Declared Seed Vulnerable farmers 



The authors wish to acknowledge the European Union through Global Climate Change Alliance, Tanzania, for financial assistance and technical support during the implementation of the project in semi-arid areas of Central Tanzania.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) HomboloDodomaTanzania
  2. 2.Institute of Rural Development Planning (IRDP)DodomaTanzania
  3. 3.Tanzania Organic Movement for AgricultureDar es SalaamTanzania

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