The Korean peninsula is where Russia, China, Japan and the United States meet and contest. It is the most strategically valuable location in the world and inevitably has been of consuming interest to imperialism, either to use as a strategic base for onward expansion or to deprive competitors of control. The actors have changed over the course of history – the Mongol and Japanese empires are no longer and the hegemony of the recently arrived US empire is under challenge especially from China. Korea, divided by the US into North and South in 1945 as part of its strategy against the Soviet Union, is still struggling to find a way to reunification and independence. Current US policy on Korea can only be understood within the framework of imperialism and resistance to it.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
60 Years of the Republic: Troop Dispatch to Vietnam. (2008, 23 July). Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/07/23/2008072361025.html
Ahn, B.-O. (2009, March). Truth and reconciliation: Activities of the past three years. Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Republic of Korea. Retrieved from http://www.japanfocus.org/data/TRC2009Report.pdf
Alperovitz, G. (1995). Hiroshima: Historians reassess. Foreign Policy, (99), 15–34.
Anderson, P. (2013). American foreign policy and its thinkers: Imperium. New Left Review, 83, 5–111.
Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran. (2018, 13 July). Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Soviet_invasion_of_Iran
Annual Report to Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2018. (2018, 16 August). Department of Defense. Retrieved from https://media.defense.gov/2018/Aug/16/2001955282/-1/-1/1/2018-CHINA-MILITARY-POWER-REPORT.PDF
Armstrong, C. (2001). America’s Korea, Korea’s Vietnam. Critical Asian Studies, 33(4), 529–539.
Asian alone or in any combination by selected groups. (2016). US Census. Retrieved from https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_15_1YR_B02018&prodType=table
Associated Press. (2012, 30 January). NKorea’s young leader gets rock star treatment during visits modeled on revered grandfather. Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia-pacific/nkoreas-young-leader-gets-rock-star-treatment-during-visits-modeled-on-revered-grandfather/2012/01/30/gIQAUrcxbQ_print.html
Avery, D. (2012). Lee Jong-woo: A life in health and politics. Hyderabad: Orient Black Swan for WHO.
Beal, T. (2005). North Korea: The struggle against American power. London: Pluto Press.
Beal, T. (2014, 19 June). The transformation of the nuclear weapons calculus. NK News. Retrieved from http://www.nknews.org/2014/06/the-transformation-of-the-nuclear-weapons-calculus/
Beal, T. (2016a, December). The deployment of THAAD in Korea and the struggle over US Global Hegemony. Journal of Political Criticism, pp. 19–54. Retrieved from http://www.timbeal.net.nz/geopolitics/Beal_JPC_THAAD.pdf
Beal, T. (2016b). The Korean Peninsula within the framework of US Global Hegemony. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus, 14(22), 3.
Beal, T. (2016c). Satellites, missiles and the geopolitics of East Asia. In M. Harrison (Ed.), North Korea: Political, economic and social issues. New York: Nova Publishers.
Beal, T. (2016d, 16 August). Shenanigans in the South China Sea – Implications for Korea. Zoom in Korea. Retrieved from http://www.zoominkorea.org/shenanigans-in-the-south-china-sea-implications-for-korea/
Beal, T. (2017a, December). Hegemony and resistance, compellence and deterrence: Deconstructing the North Korean ‘threat’ and identifying America’s strategic alternatives. Journal of Political Criticism, pp. 57–113. Retrieved from http://www.timbeal.net.nz/geopolitics/Beal_JPC21_Compellence.pdf
Beal, T. (2017b, 15 August). A Korean tragedy. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from http://apjjf.org/2017/16/Beal.html
Beal, T. (2017c, 12 September). A Korean tragedy: Update. Zoom in Korea. Retrieved from http://kpolicy.org/a-korean-tragedy-update/
Beal, T. (2017d, 17 March). Trump, TPP and the implications of the squandering of America’s soft power advantage. Zoom in Korea. Retrieved from http://www.zoominkorea.org/trump-tpp-and-the-implications-of-the-squandering-of-americas-soft-power-advantage/
Beal, T. (2018, 6 March). Korea’s complicated response to imperialism: Resistance, collaboration and Moon Jae-in. Global Research. Retrieved from https://www.globalresearch.ca/koreas-complicated-response-to-imperialism-resistance-collaboration-and-moon-jae-in/5631093
Beal, T., & Wilson, P. (2018, 6 December). President Moon’s visit – A lost opportunity NZ-DPRK Society press release. Retrieved from http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PO1812/S00072/president-moons-visit-a-lost-opportunity.htm
Bell, M. (2018, 1 March). Why does the UK deport North Korean asylum seekers? The Conversation. Retrieved from http://theconversation.com/why-does-the-uk-deport-north-korean-asylum-seekers-92129
Bennett, B. W. (2010, 21 January). Managing catastrophic North Korea risks. Korea Herald. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/commentary/2010/01/21/KH.html
Bennett, B. W., & Lind, J. (2011). The collapse of North Korea: Military missions and requirements. International Security, 36(2), 84–119.
Berg, A. (2018, 25 October). Former US general predicts war with China likely within 15 years. Spec Ops Magazine. Retrieved from https://special-ops.org/46294/former-us-general-predicts-war-with-china-likely-within-15-years-2/
Bergin, B. (2018, June). The OSS role in Ho Chi Minh’s rise to political power. Studies in Intelligence. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/vol-62-no-2/pdfs/oss-and-rise-of-ho-chi-minh.pdf
Birnbaum, M. (2018, 24 November). Who becomes the U.S.’s best friend in Europe after Britain leaves the E.U.? Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/who-becomes-the-uss-best-friend-in-europe-after-britain-leaves-the-eu/2018/11/24/3b17ab2a-ec15-11e8-8b47-bd0975fd6199_story.html
Bix, H. P. (2014). Hirohito: String puller, not puppet. The Asia Pacific Journal, 12(41-3).
Blair, C. (1987). The forgotten war: America in Korea (pp. 1950–1953). New York: Anchor Books.
Blum, W. (2018, 11 August). American exceptionalism: The naked truth. Covert Action Magazine. Retrieved from https://covertactionmagazine.com/index.php/2018/08/11/american-exceptionalism-the-naked-truth/
Booth, A. (2007, 2 May). Did it really help to be a Japanese colony? East Asian economic performance in historical perspective. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from https://apjjf.org/-Anne-Booth/2418/article.html
Breen, M. (2010, 24 October). Assassination of President Park Chung-hee in 1979. Korea Times. Retrieved from https://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/special/2012/09/178_75100.html
Brook, T. (2008, 5 July). Collaboration in the history of wartime East Asia. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from https://apjjf.org/-Timothy-Brook/2798/article.html
Brooke, J. (2004, 25 August). China fears once and future kingdom. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2004/08/25/international/asia/25korea.html
Brooks, S. G., & Wohlforth, W. C. (2016, May/June). The once and future superpower. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2016-04-13/once-and-future-superpower
Bruner, E. F., & Serafino, N. M. (2001, 1 November). Peacekeeping: Military command and control issues. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from https://www.everycrsreport.com/files/20011101_RL31120_a4a049a37044346ca0d4eefa31f7af7db0206302.pdf
Burial ceremony held for remains of Korean War soldiers in NE China. (2018, 29 March). Xinhua. Retrieved from http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-03/29/c_137074995.htm
Buruma, I. (2011, November). Napoleon’s curse. Foreign Policy.
Caprio, M. E. (2010). Neo-nationalist interpretations of Japan’s annexation of Korea: The colonization debate in Japan and South Korea. The Asia-Pacific Journal, 44(4), 10.
Carlin, R., & Lewis, J. W. (2007, 27 January). What North Korea really wants. Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/26/AR2007012601363.html
Cha, M. S. (2010, 1 February). The economic history of Korea. EH.Net Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20111212052033/http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/cha.korea
Chan, S. (2018, 14 April). U.N. Security Council rejects Russian resolution condemning Syrian strikes. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/14/world/middleeast/un-security-council-syria-airstrikes.html
Chang, G. (2011, 29 December). The coming collapse of China: 2012 Edition. Foreign Policy.
Chasmar, J. (2017, 7 April). CNN’s Fareed Zakaria: ‘Donald Trump became president’ last night. Washington Times. Retrieved from https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/apr/7/fareed-zakaria-donald-trump-became-president-last-/
Cho, I.-J. (2018, 5 March). South Korean society grapples with the question of how to respond to Vietnam War atrocities. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/834708.html
Cho, Y.-J., & Kim, J.-M. (2018, 25 April). U.S. official rules out troop pullout from S.Korea. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/04/25/2018042501455.html
Choe, S.-H. (2006, 4 May). Koreans protest U.S. base plans. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/04/world/asia/04iht-korea.html
Choe, S.-H. (2008, 17 November). Textbooks on past offend South Korea’s conservatives. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/18/world/asia/18textbooks.html
Choe, S.-H. (2012, 1 February). To sell a new leader, North Korea finds a mirror is handy. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/02/world/asia/packaging-of-Kim-Jong-un-in-north-korea.html?_r=1&ref=global-home&pagewanted=all
Choe, S.-H. (2014, 24 June). Nominee for South Korean premier exits over colonization remarks. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/25/world/asia/nominee-for-south-korean-premier-exits-over-colonization-remarks.html
Choi, H.-Y. (2017a, 15 November). Moon’s apology ignored in Vietnam. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2017/11/120_239305.html
Choi, H.-Y. (2017b, 17 January). N. Korea biggest threat to US: Poll. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2017/01/103_222231.html
Chomsky, N. (2014, 3 July). How Washington protects itself. Asia Times Online. Retrieved from http://www.atimes.com/atimes/World/WOR-04-030714.html
Chung, Y.-T. (2010, Spring). Koreans’ colonial experience under Japanese rule and their pursuit of modernization. Korea Focus [Korea Foundation]. Retrieved from http://www.koreafocus.or.kr/DEV/essays/view.asp?volume_id=96&content_id=102999&category=G
Clark, D. E. (1932). Manifest destiny and the pacific. Pacific Historical Review, 1(1), 1–17.
Cloud, D. S. (2016, 1 October). Freeloading allies? Foreign nations pay plenty for U.S. bases. Seattle Times. Retrieved from https://www.seattletimes.com/nation-world/freeloading-allies-foreign-nations-pay-plenty-for-us-bases/
Cockburn, P. (2018, 22 January). It’s time to call economic sanctions What they are: War crimes. Counterpunch. Retrieved from https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/01/22/its-time-to-call-economic-sanctions-what-they-are-war-crimes/
Commander’s Guide to Money as a Weapons System. (2009). Fort Leavenworth, KS US Army [Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL), US Army Combined Arms Center].
Conlan, T. D. (2001). In little need of divine intervention: Takesaki Suenaga’s scrolls of the Mongol invasions of Japan. Cornell East Asia Series No. 113. Retrieved from http://deremilitari.org/2014/02/in-little-need-of-divine-intervention-takesaki-suenagas-scrolls-of-the-mongol-invasions-of-japan/
Cooper, H., Schmitt, E., Gibbons-Neff, T., Ismay, J. (2018, 14 January). Military quietly prepares for a last resort: War with North Korea. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/14/us/politics/military-exercises-north-korea-pentagon.html
Council President appoints Members of Commission of Inquiry on the Democratic People’s Republic in Korea. (2013, 17 May). UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Retrieved from http://archive.li/ItOVa#selection-439.0-545.10
Cowell, A., & Gladstone, R. (2017, 15 July). Do spy agencies hold answer to dag Hammarskjold’s death? U.N. wants to know. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/15/world/africa/dag-hammarskjold-united-nations-mohamed-chande-othman.html
Cumings, B. (1997). Korea’s place in the sun: A modern history. New York: W.W. Norton.
Cumings, B. (2003, 4 December). Wrong again. London Review of Books. Retrieved from https://www.lrb.co.uk/v25/n23/bruce-cumings/wrong-again
Cumings, B. (2008, 12 June). Will North Korea become US ally? Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2008/06/180_25757.html
Cumings, B. (2009). Dominion from sea to sea: Pacific ascendancy and American power. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Cumings, B. (2010). The Korean war. New York: Modern Library.
Cumings, B., & Park, H. (Interviewer). (2015, 13 May). Bruce Cumings: “Washington has always preferred Tokyo over Seoul”. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/691023.html
Daalder, I. H. (1999, 1 April). NATO in the 21st century: What purpose? What missions? Brookings Institution. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/reportch1.pdf
Dallek, R. (2010). Wrong turns in Korea. American Heritage. Retrieved from https://www.americanheritage.com/content/wrong-turns-korea
Dalton, T., & Levite, A. (2018, 26 March). When trump meets Kim Jong Un. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/north-korea/2018-03-26/when-trump-meets-kim-jong-un
Davies, N. J. S. (2018a, 25 April). How many millions have been killed in America’s post-9/11 wars? Part 3: Libya, Syria, Somalia and Yemen. Consortium News. Retrieved from https://consortiumnews.com/2018/04/25/how-many-millions-have-been-killed-in-americas-post-9-11-wars-part-3-libya-syria-somalia-and-yemen/
Davies, N. J. S. (2018b, 22 March). How many millions of people have been killed in America’s post-9/11 wars? – part one: Iraq. Consortium News. Retrieved from https://consortiumnews.com/2018/03/22/how-many-millions-of-people-have-been-killed-in-americas-post-9-11-wars-part-one-iraq/
Davies, N. J. S. (2018c, 3 April). How many people has the U.S. killed in its post-9/11 wars? Part 2: Afghanistan and Pakistan. Consortium News. Retrieved from https://consortiumnews.com/2018/04/03/how-many-people-has-the-u-s-killed-in-its-post-9-11-wars-part-2-afghanistan-and-pakistan/
Deane, H. (1999). The Korean war (pp. 1945–1953). San Francisco: China Books and Periodicals.
Delury, J. (2008). Meltdown: The inside story of the North Korean nuclear crisis (review). Far Eastern Economic Review.
Deparle, J. (1989, 26 November). The bitter legacy of Yalta: Four decades of what-ifs. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/1989/11/26/weekinreview/the-world-the-bitter-legacy-of-yalta-four-decades-of-what-ifs.html
Dirks, N. B. (2004). Colonial and postcolonial histories: Comparative reflections on the legacies of empire. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2004_nicholas_dirks.pdf
Doran, C. (2012, 8 August). Iran and the petrodollar threat to U.S. empire. New Left Project. Retrieved from http://www.newleftproject.org/index.php/site/article_comments/iran_and_the_petrodollar_threat_to_u.s._empire
Duara, P. (2008, 4 July). Collaboration and the politics of the twentieth century. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from https://apjjf.org/-Prasenjit-Duara/2799/article.html
Dulles, J. F. (1957, 28 June). Our policies toward Communism in China. US Department of State, Office of the Historian. Retrieved from https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1955-57v03/d268
Editorial. (2014, 13 June). Moon is neither qualified to be Prime Minister nor a Korean national. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_editorial/642246.html
Editorial. (2017, 10 August). Reckless game over the Korean Peninsula runs risk of real war. Global Times. Retrieved from http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1060791.shtml
Editorial. (2018, 19 September). The future of the Korean peninsula has never looked brighter than it does now Independent. Retrieved from https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/editorials/north-korea-kim-jong-un-president-moon-donald-trump-denuclearisation-a8545286.html
Eisenhower, D. D. (1961, 17 January). Farewell address to the nation. Retrieved from https://ammo.com/articles/military-industrial-complex-quotes
Elich, G. (2010, 28 July). The sinking of the Cheonan and its political uses. Counterpunch. Retrieved from http://www.counterpunch.org/elich07282010.html
Elich, G. (2012, 4 December). Mapping the future of the U.S.-South Korean military alliance. Korea Policy Institute. Retrieved from http://kpolicy.org/121204gregoryelichmappingthefutureussk/
Elich, G. (2016, 16 August). THAAD comes to Korea, but at what cost? Counterpunch. Retrieved from https://gregoryelich.org/2016/08/16/thaad-comes-to-korea-but-at-what-cost/
Elich, G. (2018, 16 October). Diplomatic deadlock: Can U.S.-North Korea diplomacy survive maximum pressure? Counterpunch. Retrieved from https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/10/16/diplomatic-deadlock-can-u-s-north-korea-diplomacy-survive-maximum-pressure/
Essertier, J. (2018a, 23 November). The NYT’s David Sanger, the boy who cried “nukes”! Counterpunch. Retrieved from https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/11/23/the-nyts-david-sanger-the-boy-who-cried-nukes/
Essertier, J. (2018b, 14 February). Ramo reminded South Koreans of the brutality of imperial Japan. Counterpunch. Retrieved from https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/02/14/ramo-reminded-south-koreans-of-the-brutality-of-imperial-japan/
Eum, T.-M., & Ser, M.-J. (2004, 2 August). Park’s 1970s nuclear arms program revealed. JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved from http://joongangdaily.joins.com/200408/02/200408022335213939900090309031.html
Evidence of Park Chung-hee’s military allegiance to Japan surfaces. (2009, 6 November). Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/386277.html
Experts address misconceptions about OPCON transfer. (2010, 25 June). Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/427466.html
Fairbank, J. K. (1942, February). Tributary trade and China’s relations with the west. The Far Eastern Quarterly, pp. 129–149. Retrieved from https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/history/students/modules/hi294/readings/john_fairbank_tributary_trade_and_chinas_relations_with_the_west_1942.pdf
Farley, R. (2017, 3 February). Could America win a war against Russia and China at the same time? National Interest. Retrieved from http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/could-america-win-war-against-russia-china-the-same-time-19305
Farley, R. (2018, 5 July). Yes, the U.S. military is in decline. And there is no need to panic. National Interest. Retrieved from https://nationalinterest.org/print/blog/buzz/yes-us-military-decline-and-there-no-need-panic-25057
Feffer, J. (2018, 14 November). Is Korea’s cold war about to end? Foreign Policy in Focus. Retrieved from https://fpif.org/is-koreas-cold-war-about-to-end/
Ferguson, N. (2003, 17 September). Is the U.S. an empire in denial? A lecture by Niall Ferguson. Foreign Policy Association. Retrieved from http://www.fpa.org/topics_info2414/topics_info_show.htm?doc_id=193437
Feron, H. (2017, 18 July). Pyongyang’s construction boom: Is North Korea beating sanctions? 38 North. Retrieved from http://www.38north.org/2017/07/hferon071817/
Fifield, A. (2015, 17 January). Prominent N. Korean defector Shin Dong-hyuk admits parts of story are inaccurate. Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/prominent-n-korean-defector-shin-dong-hyuk-admits-parts-of-story-are-inaccurate/2015/01/17/fc69278c-9dd5-11e4-bcfb-059ec7a93ddc_story.html
Fifield, A. (2016, 14 December). YouTube blocks North Korean channel. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/youtube-blocks-north-korean-channel-to-avoid-breaching-sanctions/2016/12/14/12938986-dfcf-4ab3-8209-b8436396f810_story.html
Fifield, A. (2017, 14 April). Why is April 15 such a big deal in North Korea? Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/04/14/why-is-april-15-such-a-big-deal-in-north-korea/
Fifield, A. (2018, 6 April). Disgraced former South Korean president gets 24 years in prison on corruption charges. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/former-south-korean-president-sentenced-to-24-years-in-prison-for-corruption/2018/04/06/0b9151d6-3945-11e8-b57c-9445cc4dfa5e_story.html
Fish, I. S. (2018, 31 January). North Korea is not the threat trump would have you believe. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/01/is-north-korea-really-a-large-threat-to-americans/551990/
FORCA Brochure. (2018, 5 June). Korea Foreign Company Association. Retrieved from http://www.forca.org/attach/FORCA_Brochure.pdf
Fordham, B. O. (1999, August). Constructing the national security state. H-POL.
Foster-Carter, A. (1998). North Korea: All roads lead to collapse – All the more reason to engage Pyongyang. In M. Noland (Ed.), Economic integration of the Korean Peninsula. Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics.
Foster-Carter, A. (2015, 27 January). Obama comes out as an NK collapsist. 38 North. Retrieved from http://38north.org/2015/01/afostercarter012715/
Fraser, M. (2014, 3 March). Ukraine: There’s no way out unless the west understands its past mistakes. Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/mar/03/ukraine-theres-no-way-out-unless-the-west-understands-its-past-mistakes
Freeman-Woolpert, S. (2018, 20 September). How grassroots activists made peace with North Korea possible. Waging Non Violence. Retrieved from https://wagingnonviolence.org/feature/grassroots-activists-peace-movement-north-korea/
Friedman, G. (2018, 23 November). Sanctions and strategy. Stratfor. Retrieved from https://worldview.stratfor.com/article/sanctions-and-strategy
Frolov, A. (2010). Iraq war from a historical perspective. International Affairs.
Fullilove, M., & Lemahieu, H. (2018, 23 May). North Korea is a dangerous distraction. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/05/23/north-korea-is-a-dangerous-distraction/
Gady, F.-S. (2018, 15 June). How the ‘deep state’ stopped a US president from withdrawing US troops from Korea. The Diplomat. Retrieved from https://thediplomat.com/2018/06/how-the-deep-state-stopped-a-us-president-from-withdrawing-us-troops-from-korea/
Gelb, L. H. (1991, 10 April). The next renegade state. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/1991/04/10/opinion/foreign-affairs-the-next-renegade-state.html
Glaser, B., & Snyder, S. (2010, 20 May). Preparations needed for North Korean collapse. PacNet, 27.
Gowans, S. (2007, 3 March). Understanding North Korea. What’s Left. Retrieved from https://gowans.wordpress.com/2007/03/03/understanding-north-korea/
Gowans, S. (2018). Patriots, traitors and empires: The story of Korea’s fight for freedom. Quebec: Baraka Books.
Graham, W. R. (2017, 2 June). North Korea nuclear EMP attack: An existential threat. 38 North. Retrieved from http://www.38north.org/2017/06/wgraham060217/
Gregg, D. P. (2010, 31 August). Testing North Korean waters. International Herald Tribune. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/01/opinion/01iht-edgregg.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print
Guiding Principles Following the Transition of Wartime Operational Control. (2018, 31 October). [US] Department of Defense and [ROK] Ministry of National Defense.
Gwertzman, B. (1975, 4 August). Papers show U.S. considered ousting Rhee in Korean war. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/1975/08/04/archives/papers-show-us-considered-ousting-rhee-in-korean-war-documents-show.html
Gwon, G. (2011, 30 August). National and international protests challenge naval base The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from https://apjjf.org/2011/9/33/Gwisook-Gwon/3589/article.html
Haas, B. (2018, 1 March). South Korea cuts ‘inhumanely long’ 68-hour working week. Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/01/south-korea-cuts-inhumanely-long-68-hour-working-week
Haass, R. N. (2018, 25 March). America is destroying the liberal world order. Asia Times. Retrieved from http://www.atimes.com/liberal-world-order-rip/
Haggard, S., Kang, D., & Moon, C.-I. (1997, June). Japanese colonialism and Korean development: A critique. World Development. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X97000120
Han, S.-J. (2008, 4 July). On the question of collaboration in South Korea. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from https://apjjf.org/-Suk-Jung-Han/2800/article.html
Han, J.-S. (2014, 13 April). Japan in the public culture of South Korea, 1945–2000s: The making and remaking of colonial sites and memories 1945–2000. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from https://apjjf.org/2014/12/15/Jung-Sun-Han/4107/article.html
Harris, G. T. (2017a, 3 October). The U.S. needs real diplomacy to counter North Korea in Africa. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/10/03/the-u-s-needs-real-diplomacy-to-counter-north-korea-in-africa/
Harris, H. (2017b, 28 June). Challenges, opportunities, and innovation in the Indo-Pacific. Australian Strategic Policy Institute. Retrieved from http://www.pacom.mil/Media/Speeches-Testimony/Article/1231266/challenges-opportunities-and-innovation-in-the-indo-pacific/
Hart-Landsberg, M. (2000, October). Setting the record straight on the Korean war. Monthly Review.
Hasan, M. (2018, 30 March). “We know where your kids live”: How John Bolton once threatened an international official. Intercept. Retrieved from https://theintercept.com/2018/03/29/john-bolton-trump-bush-bustani-kids-opcw/
Hayes, P. (2018, 8 February). US forces korea: Noncombatant emergency evacuation instructions. NAPSNet Special Report. Retrieved from https://nautilus.org/napsnet/napsnet-special-reports/us-forces-korea-noncombatant-emergency-evacuation-instructions/
Hayes, P., & Moon, C.-I. (2011). Park Chung Hee, the CIA & the bomb. Global Asia, 6(3), 46–58.
Heath, T. R. (2018, 27 November). China’s untested military could be a force – Or a flop. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/11/27/chinas-untested-military-could-be-a-force-or-a-flop/
Henderson, G. (1968). Korea: The politics of the vortex. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Hendrickson, D. C. (1998). A cross of iron: Harry S. Truman and the origins of the National Security State (review). Foreign Affairs.
Heo, H.-J. (2018a, 26 March). The April 3 Exodus. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/837750.html
Heo, H.-J. (2018b, 1 April). US culpability for the bloodshed on Jeju Island. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/838533.html
Hersh, S. M. (1991). The Samson option: Israel’s nuclear arsenal and American foreign policy. New York: Random House.
Higgins, A. (2017, 27 September). Russia destroys chemical weapons, and faults U.S. for not doing so. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/27/world/europe/russia-putin-chemical-weapons.html
Hincks, J. (2018, 12 July). Inside camp Humphreys, South Korea: America’s largest overseas military base. Time. Retrieved from http://time.com/5324575/us-camp-humphreys-south-korea-largest-military-base/
Hirohito, S. E. (1945, 14 August). Emperor Hirohito, accepting the potsdam declaration, radio broadcast. Federal Communications Commission.
Hitler, A. (2002). Mein Kampf [English edition of 1925 German original] (trans: Manheim, R., & Foxman, A. H.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Hoare, J. E. (2016, 5 October). Potboiler Press: British media and North Korea. 38 North. Retrieved from http://38north.org/2016/10/jhoare100516/
Hogan, M. J. (1998). A cross of iron: Harry S. Truman and the origins of the National Security State, 1945–1954. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Holmes, O. (2017, 9 August). What is the US military’s presence near North Korea? Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/aug/09/what-is-the-us-militarys-presence-in-south-east-asia
Huh, H.-J. (2013, 5 August). Oliver Stone joins Jeju residents’ battle against naval base. Hankyreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/598369.html
Huh, H.-J. (2018, 25 October). Civic groups demand apology from US for massacres in April 3 “incident”. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/867360.html
Hunt, M. H. (1999). East Asia in Henry Luce’s ‘American century’. Diplomatic History, 23(2), 321–353.
Hurst, D. (2018, 12 October). Facing ‘rising sun’ flag row, Japan withdraws from international fleet review. Diplomat. Retrieved from https://thediplomat.com/2018/10/facing-rising-sun-flag-row-japan-withdraws-from-international-fleet-review/
Hwang, E.-G. (1993). The Korean economies: A comparison of North and South. Oxford: Clarendon.
Hwang, J.-B. (2018a, 6 June). US Democratic Party adopts hardline stance ahead of Trump-Kim Singapore summit. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/847931.html
Hwang, J.-B. (2018b, 14 November). US media and Democratic Party unleash barrage of skepticism over North Korea’s denuclearization. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/870225.html
Ignatius, D. (2017, 29 May). Zbigniew Brzezinski was an intrepid advocate of the ‘liberal international order’. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-opinions/zbigniew-brzezinski-was-an-intrepid-advocate-of-the-liberal-international-order/2017/05/29/609154d2-4487-11e7-a196-a1bb629f64cb_story.html
Iran’s Rouhani denounces US sanctions as ‘economic terrorism’. (2018, 8 December). Al Jazeera. Retrieved from https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/iran-rouhani-denounces-sanctions-economic-terrorism-181208065401014.html
Ishibashi, G., Narusawa, M., & Lim, Y. (2017, 14 December). Two faces of the hate Korean campaign in Japan. Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from http://apjjf.org/2017/24/Lim-Narusawa-Ishibashi.html
Jackson, D. Z. (2005, 22 July). The Westmoreland mind-set. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/22/opinion/derrick-z-jackson-the-westmoreland-mindset.html
Jackson, V. (2018, 30 April). What Kim Jong Un wants from Trump. Politico. Retrieved from https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/04/30/what-kim-jong-un-wants-from-trump-218115
Jacobson, L. (2011, 29 March). Karl Rove says that “American troops have never been under the formal control of another nation”. Politifact.com. Retrieved from https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2011/mar/29/karl-rove/karl-rove-says-american-troops-have-never-been-und/
Jaffe, G., & DeYoung, K. (2017, 19 September). In Trump’s U.N. speech, emphasis on sovereignty echoes his domestic agenda. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/in-trumps-un-speech-an-emphasis-on-sovereignty-jostled-with-threats-of-intervention/2017/09/19/98a7a13e-9d3b-11e7-8ea1-ed975285475e_story.html
Jeong, E.-G. (2018, 7 June). CNN reports finds Bolton’s intentionally made “Libya” remarks to derail Singapore summit. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/848097.html
Jeong, J. (2018a, 1 November). South Korea could soon take control of its own wartime operations from the US. Defense News. Retrieved from https://www.defensenews.com/global/asia-pacific/2018/11/01/the-wartime-control-of-us-south-korean-troops-on-the-peninsula-is-evolving/
Jeong, W.-S. (2018b, 16 October). Moon asks Macron to help ease N.Korea sanctions. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/10/16/2018101601670.html
Jeong, W.-S., Cho, Y.-J., & Yu, Y.-W. (2018, 27 September). Next USFK chief casts doubt on inter-Korean military deal. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/09/27/2018092700853.html
Joint Press Conference with Secretary Panetta and Defense Minister Kim in the Pentagon Briefing Room. (2012, 24 October). Department of Defense. Retrieved from https://votesmart.org/public-statement/754250/joint-press-conference-with-secretary-panetta-and-defense-minister-kim-in-the-pentagon-briefing-room
Jolley, M. A. (2014, 10 December). The strange tale of Yeonmi Park. Diplomat. Retrieved from http://thediplomat.com/2014/12/the-strange-tale-of-yeonmi-park/
Jong, S. (2018, 16 August). S.Korea should end wasteful debate over national legitimacy. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/08/16/2018081601855.html
Jun, J. (2013, 29 March). Dealing with a sore lip: Parsing China’s “recalculation” of North Korea policy. 38 North. Retrieved from http://38north.org/2013/03/jjun032913/
Jun, H.-S. (2018a, 14 May). Defense chief promises troop control handover by 2023. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/05/14/2018051401426.html
Jun, H.-S. (2018b, 16 April). USFK practices evacuating civilians to American mainland. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/04/16/2018041600650.html
Jung, S.-K. (2010, 17 June). USFK to retake control over drill with ROK. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2010/06/205_67839.html
Kagan, R. (2018, 5 October). This is what sleepwalking into war looks like. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/this-is-what-sleepwalking-into-war-looks-like/2018/10/05/df272590-c89a-11e8-b1ed-1d2d65b86d0c_story.html
Kamiya, F. (1980). The Korean Peninsula after Park Chung Hee. Asian Survey, 20(7), 744–753.
Kang, S.-W. (2014, 4 April). Obama plays favorites. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2014/04/116_154739.html
Kang, J.-K., & Hong, C. J. (Interviewer) (2012, 11 October). The first year of peace on the Korean Peninsula. Foreign Policy in Focus. Retrieved from http://www.fpif.org/articles/the_first_year_of_peace_on_the_korean_peninsula
Karabell, Z. (2018, 8 December). Prosecuting the Chinese Huawei executive is an idiotic way to hold China in check. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2018/12/08/prosecuting-chinese-huawei-executive-is-an-idiotic-way-hold-china-check/
KCNA on Tremendous Damage Done to DPRK by US (2010, 24 June). KCNA. Retrieved from http://www.kcna.co.jp/item/2010/201006/news24/20100624-24ee.html
Kennan, G. F. (1947, 6 November). Report by the policy planning staff: Résumé of world situation. Office of the Historian, State Department. Retrieved from https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1947v01/d393
Kennan, G. F. (1948, 7 September). Memorandum by the policy planning Staff [on United States policy toward China]. State Department. Retrieved from https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1948v08/d122
Kifner, J. (1999, 4 February). John service, a purged ‘China hand,’ dies at 89. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/1999/02/04/world/john-service-a-purged-china-hand-dies-at-89.html
Kim, D.-J. (2006). Inter-Korean relations and the ‘Iron Silk Road’. Paper presented at the UNESCAP Ministerial Conference on Transport, Busan. http://www.unescap.org/unis/press/2006/nov/L_82_MCT_13_06.pdf
Kim, K.-W. (2013, 6 November). Defense intelligence director says N. Korea would win in a one-on-one war. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/610084.html
Kim, J.-S. (2015, 15 October). The Korean peninsula amid US-China confrontation. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/712972.html
Kim, E. T. (2017a, 1 September). What happened in Gwangju. London Review of Books. Retrieved from https://www.lrb.co.uk/blog/2017/09/01/tammy-kim/what-happened-in-gwangju/?utm_source=LRB+blog+email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20170905+blog&utm_content=aunz_subs
Kim, M.-S. (2017b, 2 May). Korea biggest buyer of American weapons. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2017/05/02/2017050200976.html
Kim, O.-H. (2017c, 23 September). Chinese banks suspending North Korean-related business activities. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/812236.html
Kim, B.-H. (2018a, 21 September). Moon reiterates ending Korean War will have no impact on US Forces Korea and UN command. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/863144.html
Kim, Y.-C. (2018b, 1 December). Moon-Trump agree to maintain sanctions on North Korea. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2018/12/356_259658.html
Kim, B.-E. (2018c, 30 October). Inter-Korean projects put on hold. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2018/10/356_257877.html
Kim, H.-B. (2018d, 20 November). N. Korea’s maternity mortality rate 8 times higher than S. Korea’s Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2018/11/119_259015.html
Kim, J.-G. (2018e, 4 December). An open letter to the NY Times. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_editorial/873025.html
Kim, S. C., & Kang, S.-H. (2013, 18 December). Importance of Jeju Civilian-Military Port. PacNet Newsletter. Retrieved from http://csis.org/publication/pacnet-91-importance-jeju-civilian-military-port
Kim, M.-S., & Ser, M.-J. (2010, 17 June). U.S. will command military exercise. JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved from http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2921962
King, B. L. (1975). Japanese colonialism and Korean economic development. Asian Studies: Journal of Critical Perspectives on Asia, 13(3), 1–21.
Where do high growth political economies come from? The Japanese lineage of Korea’s “Developmental State”. World Development, pp. 1269–1293. Retrieved from https://www.princeton.edu/~kohli/docs/HighGrowth09_1994.pdf
Kohli, A. (1997, June). Japanese colonialism and Korean development: A reply. World Development, pp. 883–888. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0305750X97000090
Kolko, G. (2012, 8–10 June). Panetta’s pacific vision. Counterpunch.
Kong, K. (2018, 2 May). Kim Jong Un now has a nearly 80% approval rating... in South Korea. Time. Retrieved from http://time.com/5262898/kim-jong-un-approval-rating/
Korea Asks U.S. to Delay Troop Control Handover Again. (2013, 18 July). Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2013/07/18/2013071801154.html
Korean rapprochement efforts stymied by UN rail block. (2018, 30 August). Financial Times. Retrieved from ft.com/content/8f58351c-ac17-11e8-94bd-cba20d67390c
Korean War. (2018). Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War
Kristof, N. D. (2018, 6 June). Democrats childishly resist Trump’s North Korea efforts. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/06/opinion/north-korea-summit-trump-kim.html
Kwon, H. (2008). Excavating the history of collaboration. Japan Focus.
Lacina, B., & Gleditsch, N. P. (2005). Monitoring trends in global combat: A new dataset of battle deaths. European Journal of Population, pp. 145–166. Retrieved from http://www.bethanylacina.com/LacinaGleditsch_newdata.pdf
Lamothe, D. (2017, 22 September). U.S. families got fake orders to leave South Korea. Now counterintelligence is involved. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2017/09/22/u-s-families-got-fake-orders-to-leave-south-korea-now-counterintelligence-is-involved/
Landler, M. (2016, 9 February). North Korea nuclear threat cited by James Clapper, intelligence chief. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/10/world/asia/north-korea-nuclear-effort-seen-as-a-top-threat-to-the-us.html?_r=2
Landler, M., Wong, E., & Benner, K. (2018, 6 December). Huawei executive’s arrest intensifies trade war fears. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/06/us/politics/huawei-meng-china-iran.html
Larsen, K. W., & Seeley, J. (2014, Spring). Simple conversation or secret treaty?: The Taft-Katsura memorandum in Korean historical memory. Journal of Korean Studies, pp. 59–92. Retrieved from https://muse.jhu.edu/article/548245/summary
Larson, E. V., Levin, N. D., Baik, S., & Savych, B. (2004). Ambivalent allies? A study of south Korean attitudes toward the U.S. Santa Monica: Rand Corporation.
Lee, W. S. (1982). The United States and the division of Korea, 1945. Seoul: Kyung Hee University Press.
Lee, W. R. (2000, 22 February). Who was Rhee Syngman? Kimsoft website. Retrieved from http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/55a/186.html
Lee, H.-S. (2016, 9 December). Park Geun-hye joins league of disgraced Korean Presidents. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2016/12/116_219839.html
Lee, J.-H. (2018a, 5 December). Expert says inter-Korean cooperation on intellectual property rights doesn’t violate sanctions. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/873192.html
Lee, J.-H. (2018b, 28 May). Turning point toward “replacing mistrust with trust” on the Korean Peninsula. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/846574.html
Lee, S.-H., & Jung, N.-K. (2012, 4 February). USFK to become more ‘flexible’. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/517490.html
Lee, T.-H., & Shin, S.-K. (2012, 5 December). Progressive candidate steals debate show by blasting Park Geun-hye. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/563895.html
Letman, J. (2017, 6 November). USAG Humphreys: The story behind America’s biggest overseas base. The Diplomat. Retrieved from https://thediplomat.com/2017/11/camp-humphreys-the-story-behind-americas-biggest-overseas-base/
Lewis, J. (2005, 21 May). David Sanger: Two time loser on Kilju and Kumchang-ri? Arms Control Wonk. Retrieved from https://www.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/200598/david-sanger-two-time-loser-on-kilju-and-kumchang-ri/
Lewis, J. (2015, 3 March). That secret Iranian ‘nuclear facility’ you just found? Not so much. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.com/2015/03/03/that-secret-iranian-nuclear-facility-you-just-found-not-so-much/
Lim, M.-H. (2018, 3 August). U.S. Ambassador urges caution in ending Korean war. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/08/03/2018080301326.html
Lim, J.-S., Im, I.-T., Cho, I.-J., & Choi, H.-J. (2017, 12 July). South Korean gov’t on the hook for $870 million to clean up US base contamination. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/802520.html
Lin, C. (2016, 28 September). Risky business: Is US supporting anti-Chinese militants in Syria? Asia Times Online. Retrieved from http://atimes.com/2016/09/risky-business-is-us-supporting-anti-chinese-militants-in-syria/
Lindorff, D. (2018, 23 January). South Korea slips off the US leash. Counterpunch. Retrieved from https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/01/23/south-korea-slips-off-the-us-leash/
Linzer, D. (2004, 12 December). IAEA leader’s phone tapped: U.S. pores over transcripts to try to oust nuclear chief. Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A57928-2004Dec11.html
Lizza, R. (2011, 26 April). Leading from behind. New Yorker. Retrieved from http://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/leading-from-behind
Lovmo, M. S. (2014). The 1905 secret Taft-Katsura agreement: America’s betrayal of Korea. Retrieved from http://dokdo-research.com/temp25.html
Luce, H. R. (1941, 17 February). American century. Life, 10, 61–65.
Luttwak, E. N. (2018, 8 January). It’s time to bomb North Korea. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/01/08/its-time-to-bomb-north-korea/
Lynch, C. (2016, 1 August). U.N. to probe whether iconic secretary-general was assassinated. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/08/01/u-n-to-probe-whether-iconic-secretary-general-was-assassinated/?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=New%20Campaign&utm_term=%2AEditors%20Picks
Malishevski, N. (2015, 12 April). April 12 – Black day in history of US aviation. Strategic Culture Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2015/04/12/april-12-black-day-history-us-aviation.html
Manchester, J. (2018, 12 June). Dems rip Trump concessions, ‘embarrassing’ rhetoric with Kim. The Hill. Retrieved from http://thehill.com/homenews/senate/391787-dem-leaders-hit-trump-on-north-korea-summit
Mankoff, J. (2015, 19 August). Revealed: Why the Soviet Union’s entry into the pacific war matters. National Interest. Retrieved from https://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/revealed-why-the-soviet-unions-entry-the-pacific-war-matters-13628
Marx, J. (2018, 2 October). War with North Korea would attack American workers. 38 North. Retrieved from https://www.38north.org/2018/10/jmarx100218/
Mathews, J. T. (2017, 9 February). What Trump is throwing out the window. New York Review of Books. Retrieved from http://www.nybooks.com/articles/2017/02/09/what-trump-is-throwing-out-the-window/
Mattis, J. (2018a, 20 December). Letter of resignation. Department of Defense. Retrieved from https://media.defense.gov/2018/Dec/20/2002075156/-1/-1/1/LETTER-FROM-SECRETARY-JAMES-N-MATTIS.PDF
Mattis, J. (2018b, 24 August). Welcome to Doomsday: Preparing for China’s collapse. National Interest. Retrieved from https://nationalinterest.org/print/blog/buzz/welcome-doomsday-preparing-chinas-collapse-29642
Mattis, J., & Jeong, K. (2018, 31 December). Joint Communiqué of the 50th U.S.-ROK Security Consultative Meeting. Department of Defense. Retrieved from https://media.defense.gov/2018/Oct/31/2002057967/-1/-1/1/50TH-SCM-JOINT-COMMUNIQUE.PDF
Maurice, F. (1931, July). General pershing and the A. E. F. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/1931-07-01/general-pershing-and-e-f
McBeth, J. (2012, 1 March). Work with UN helps Jakarta to promote human rights abroad. The China Post. Retrieved from http://www.webcitation.org/67H4jU12J
McCarthy, K. (2018, 5 June). US govt mulls snatching back full control of the internet’s domain name and IP address admin. The Register.
McCormack, G. (2017, 15 November). North Korea and a rules-based order for the Indo-Pacific, East Asia, and the world. Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from http://apjjf.org/2017/22/McCormack.html
McCormack, G. (2018, 1 December). Grappling with Clientelism: The Japanese State and Okinawa under Abe Shinzo. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus.
McCurry, J. (2012, 25 March). Obama visits tense Korean border ahead of nuclear summit. Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/25/obama-korean-border-us-troops
McGill, P. (2014, 23 September). Why history is a problem for Park Geun-hye in confronting Japan. East Asia Forum. Retrieved from http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2014/09/23/why-history-is-a-problem-for-park-geun-hye-in-confronting-japan/
Meisler, S. (2018, 18 August). Kofi Annan, U.N. secretary general and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, dies at 80. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/obituaries/kofi-annan-former-un-secretary-general-dies-at-80/2018/08/18/12eed974-a2ce-11e8-83d2-70203b8d7b44_story.html
Melman, S. (1974). The permanent war economy; American capitalism in decline. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Melman, S. (2003, 15 March). In the grip of a permanent war economy. Counterpunch. Retrieved from http://www.counterpunch.org/melman03152003.html
Menadue, J. (2018, 9 February). We are in denial about the risks in our relationship with the United States. Part 2 of 2. John Menadue – Pearls and Irritations. Retrieved from https://johnmenadue.com/john-menadue-we-are-in-denial-about-the-risks-in-our-relationship-with-the-united-states-part-2-of-2/
Metraux, D. (1992). The Japanese role in Korea’s economic development. In A. M. Savada & W. H. Shaw (Eds.), South Korea: A country study. Washington, DC: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress.
Military Balance 2017. (2017, 13 February). International Institute for Strategic Studies. Retrieved from http://www.iiss.org/en/publications/military%20balance/issues/the-military-balance-2017-b47b
Miller, A. D., & Sokolsky, R. (2018, 11 July). Trump should learn to live with a nuclear North Korea. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/posteverything/wp/2018/07/11/trump-should-learn-to-live-with-a-nuclear-north-korea/
Mollman, S. (2017, 16 June). North Korea is sitting on trillions of dollars of untapped wealth, and its neighbors want in. Quartz. Retrieved from http://www.mining.com/web/the-10-trillion-mineral-resources-north-korea-cant-tap/
Moon, S. (2009). The cultural politics of remembering Park Chung Hee. The Asia Pacific Journal; Japan Focus, 19-5-09.
Moon vows to push for early takeover of wartime troop control, enhance deterrence against North. (2017, 23 April). Yonhap. Retrieved from http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2017/04/23/0301000000AEN20170423002200315.html
Morris-Suzuki, T., Franceschini, I., & Loubere, N. (2018, June). Changing frontiers and invisible politics in Northeast Asia: A conversation with Tessa Morris-Suzuki. Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review, pp. 136–154. Retrieved from http://cross-currents.berkeley.edu/e-journal/issue-27
N Korea angry at US army plans. (2003, 6 June). BBC News World Edition. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/2968156.stm
Nakamura, D. (2017, 6 November). Japanese leader Shinzo Abe plays the role of Trump’s loyal sidekick. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/japanese-leader-shinzo-abe-plays-the-role-of-trumps-loyal-sidekick/2017/11/06/cc23dcae-c2f1-11e7-afe9-4f60b5a6c4a0_story.html
Naureckas, J. (2017, 7 April). The essential Pundit take: ‘Trump became president’ by bombing Syria. Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting. Retrieved from https://fair.org/home/the-essential-pundit-take-trump-became-president-by-bombing-syria/
NBC apologizes after praise for Japan’s ‘example’ angers Koreans (2018, 8 March). Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2018/feb/11/nbc-japan-korea-comments-winter-olympics-2018
NK Backs Continued USFK Presence. (2000, 9 August). Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2000/08/09/2000080961227.html
Noh, J.-W. (2018a, 15 November). Examining inter-Korean relations 200 days after Panmunjom Declaration. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/870329.html
Noh, J.-W. (2018b, 14 November). NYT report on N. Korea’s “great deception” riddled with holes and errors. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/870227.html
Norton, P. M. (1997, March). Ending the Korean armistice agreement: The legal issues. Nautilus Institute. Retrieved from http://oldsite.nautilus.org/fora/security/2a_armisticelegal_norton.html
Nozaki, Y., & Selden, M. (2009, 15 June). Japanese textbook controversies, nationalism, and historical memory: Intra- and inter-national conflicts. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from https://apjjf.org/-Mark-Selden/3173/article.html
O, T. (2016). The collapse of North Korea: challenges, planning and geopolitics of unification. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Obama: North Korea is bound to collapse. (2015, 23 January). Yonhap. Retrieved from http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2015/01/24/26/0301000000AEN20150124000251315F.html
Oberdorfer, D., & Carlin, R. (2001). The two Koreas: A contemporary history (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.
Oh, Y.-J. (2017, 21 July). Pyeongtaek Garrison vulnerable to chemical, biological missile attacks. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2017/07/103_233434.html
Oh, J.-Y. (2018, 1 August). Jeju Naval parade to go ahead despite Nimbys. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/08/01/2018080101343.html
Olson, W. (2016, 25 May). Retired USFK Head: North Korea collapse may happen sooner. Stars and Stripes. Retrieved from http://www.military.com/daily-news/2016/05/25/retired-usfk-head-north-korea-collapse-may-happen-sooner.html
Ortiz, E., & Yamamoto, A. (2017, 2 August). Sen. Lindsey Graham: Trump says war with North Korea an option. NBC. Retrieved from http://www.nbcnews.com/news/north-korea/sen-lindsey-graham-trump-says-war-north-korea-option-n788396
Paik, N.-C. (2018, 1 December). South Korea’s candlelight revolution and the future of the Korean Peninsula. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from https://apjjf.org/2018/23/Paik.html
Park, S.-W. (2004a, 2 March). Japan collaborators face probe. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://times.hankooki.com/lpage/200403/kt2004030222401910160.htm
Park, S.-W. (2004b, 5 December). Poverty forces over 50% of NK defections. Korea Times. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20070315143912/http://times.hankooki.com/lpage/nation/200412/kt2004120517573311990.htm
Park, Y.-H. (2016, 20 February). A country still run by Japanese collaborators. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_editorial/731291.html
Park, H.-K. (2018a, 29 October). Moon faces growing criticism over economy Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/biz/2018/10/488_257782.html
Park, S. N. (2018b, 6 August). South Korea is going crazy over a handful of refugees. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/08/06/south-korea-is-going-crazy-over-a-handful-of-refugees/
Park, B.-S., & Lee, S.-Y. (2017, 20 July). Moon admin.’s governance plan signals step back on pushing for OPCON transfer. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/803653.html
Park, B.-S., Kim, K.-N., & Jung, Y.-G. (2017, 29 August). President Moon rebukes Defense Ministry for its “lack of confidence”. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/808827.html
Pearlstine, N. (2018, 12 February). Commentary: Joshua Cooper Ramo’s South Korea Comments Contain Important Pieces of Truth. Fortune. Retrieved from http://fortune.com/2018/02/12/joshua-cooper-ramo-korea-nbc-winter-olympics/
Person, J. (2013, 21 October). Book review: “THE REAL NORTH KOREA”. 38 North. Retrieved from http://38north.org/2013/10/jperson102113/
Petition: Preserving Alliances. (2018, 27 July). New York Times. Retrieved from https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSesHdZWxpp13plS4nkLOSMHv4Dg1jaksBrCC6kWv6OfVAmO5g/viewform
Petras, J. (2017, 29 April). US provocation and North Korea: Pretext for war with China. Eurasian Review. Retrieved from http://www.eurasiareview.com/29042017-us-provocation-and-north-korea-pretext-for-war-with-china-oped/
Pilger, J. (2014, 7 February). The truth about the criminal bloodbath in Iraq can’t be ‘countered’ indefinitely. Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/feb/07/west-criminal-bloodbath-iraq-media-cover-up
Pinter, H. (2005, 7 December). Art, truth and politics. The Nation. Retrieved from https://www.thenation.com/article/harold-pinter-art-truth-and-politics/
Rabson, S. (2016). Perry’s black ships in Japan: The whitewash of history. The Asia Pacific Journal, 14(16), 9.
Ramsey III, R. D. (2006, 23 August). Advising indigenous forces: American advisors in Korea, Vietnam, and El Salvador. Combat Studies Institute Press [US Army], Global War on Terrorism Occasional Paper 18. Retrieved from http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/csi_op18_ramsey_advisors1.pdf
Read, R. (2017, 25 February). John Bolton outlines his five foreign policy points for the Trump admin. The Libertarian Republic. Retrieved from http://thelibertarianrepublic.com/john-bolton-outlines-five-foreign-policy-points-trump-admin/
Reich, S. (2016, 13 April). Should America be focusing on ISIS when North Korea poses an existential threat? The Conversation. Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/should-america-be-focusing-on-isis-when-north-korea-poses-an-existential-threat-57610
Remembering the April 3 Jeju Uprising. (2018, 9 April). Zoom in Korea. Retrieved from http://www.zoominkorea.org/remembering-the-april-3-jeju-uprising/
Report of the commission of inquiry on human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (main findings and recommendations). (2014, 7 February). United Nations Human Rights Council. Retrieved from http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/CoIDPRK/Pages/ReportoftheCommissionofInquiryDPRK.aspx
Rhyu, S.-Y. (2018, 21 September). Moon Jae-in and the politics of reform in South Korea. Global Asia. Retrieved from https://www.globalasia.org/v13no3/cover/moon-jae-in-and-the-politics-of-reform-in-south-korea_sang-young-rhyu
Rice, M. J. (2016, April). NATO’s new order: The alliance After the cold war. Origins. Retrieved from http://origins.osu.edu/article/natos-new-order-alliance-after-cold-war
Richardson, B. (2007, 13 April). Governor Bill Richardson (D-NM) urges open talks with Pyongyang following trip to North Korea. NPR. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/about/press/2007/041307.richardson.html?t=1542100548129
Ripley, W. (2018, 14 November). When it comes to North Korea, who’s really being deceptive? CNN. Retrieved from https://edition.cnn.com/2018/11/13/asia/north-korea-missile-bases-analysis-intl/index.html
Rodong Sinmun on DPRK’s Bolstered War Deterrent Force. (2008, 16 September). KCNA. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20141012065651/http://www.kcna.co.jp/item/2008/200809/news09/17.htm
Rogin, J. (2018, 25 February). An attack on North Korea would be massive – And massively stupid. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-opinions/an-attack-on-north-korea-would-be-massive%2D%2Dand-massively-stupid/2018/02/25/4830251e-18dd-11e8-8b08-027a6ccb38eb_story.html
Roy, A. (2015). The beginnings of Japan’s economic hold over colonial Korea, 1900–1919. Cipango French Journal of Japanese Studies. Retrieved from https://journals.openedition.org/cjs/1046
Rule 53. Starvation as a Method of Warfare. (2017). International Committee of the Red Cross. Retrieved from https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/customary-ihl/eng/docs/v1_rul_rule53
Russia’s Cheonan investigation suspects that the sinking Cheonan ship was caused by a mine in water. (2010, 28 July). Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/432232.html
Ryall, J. (2018, 17 October). Theresa May expected to reject Seoul’s request to relax sanctions on North Korea. Telegraph. Retrieved from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/10/17/theresa-may-expected-reject-seouls-request-relax-sanctions-north/
Ryall, J., & Irvine, C. (2015, 30 August). Kim Jong-un’s approval rating higher than Barack Obama’s. Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/northkorea/10276670/Kim-Jong-uns-approval-rating-higher-than-Barack-Obamas.html
Sachs, J. (2018, 11 December). The war on Huawei. Project Syndicate. Retrieved from https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-war-on-huawei-meng-wanzhou-arrest-by-jeffrey-d-sachs-2018-12
Salmon, A. (2018, 22 August). US commander says South Korea not ready to lead alliance in war. Asia Times. Retrieved from http://www.atimes.com/article/us-commander-says-south-korea-not-ready-to-lead-alliance-in-war/
Sanati, R. (2011, 30 August). A troubling lesson from Libya: Don’t give up nukes. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from http://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/Opinion/2011/0830/A-troubling-lesson-from-Libya-Don-t-give-up-nukes
Sanders, R. (2013, 19 March). The myth of ‘shock and awe’: Why the Iraqi invasion was a disaster. Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iraq/9933587/The-myth-of-shock-and-awe-why-the-Iraqi-invasion-was-a-disaster.html
Sanger, D. E., & Broad, W. J. (2018, 12 November). In North Korea, missile bases suggest a great deception. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/12/us/politics/north-korea-missile-bases.html
Schaller, M. (1995, July). America’s favorite war criminal: Kishi Nobusuke and the transformation of U.S.-Japan relations. Japan Policy Research Institute. Retrieved from http://www.jpri.org/publications/workingpapers/wp11.html
Schuler, D. (2006, 5 January). Perspectives on foreign command of U. S. forces. The Glittering Eye. Retrieved from http://theglitteringeye.com/perspectives-on-foreign-command-of-u-s-forces/
Scobell, A., & Sanford, J. M. (2007, April). North Korea’s military threat: Pyongyang’s conventional forces, weapons of mass destruction, and ballistic missiles. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20170216085335/http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/pub771.pdf
Scott, M. (2017, 20 October). Uncovering Indonesia’s act of killing. New York Review of Books. Retrieved from http://www.nybooks.com/daily/2017/10/20/uncovering-indonesias-act-of-killing/
Selk, A. (2018, 11 February). NBC apologizes to Koreans for Olympics coverage that praised Japan’s brutal occupation Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/arts-and-entertainment/wp/2018/02/11/nbc-apologizes-to-koreans-for-olympics-coverage-that-praised-japans-brutal-occupation/
Seong, Y.-C. (2018, 12 July). President Moon says ending Korean War by end of year is administration’s goal. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/853050.html
Seoul to Maintain N. Korea Sanctions until Complete Denuclearization. (2018, 5 December). KBS. Retrieved from http://world.kbs.co.kr/service/news_view.htm?lang=e&Seq_Code=141330
Shankar, D. (2017, 10 August). Mattis: War with North Korea would be ‘catastrophic’. ABC. Retrieved from https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/mattis-war-north-korea-catastrophic/story?id=49146747
Sharafedin, B. (2018, 22 November). Iran says U.S. bases and aircraft carriers within missile range. Reuters. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iran-usa-missiles/iran-says-u-s-bases-and-aircraft-carriers-within-missile-range-idUSKCN1NQ2KA
Sheng, M. M. (2000). Cumings, Bruce. Korea’s place in the sun, a modern history [review]. Journal of Conflict Studies. Retrieved from https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/jcs/article/view/4326/4954
Sherlock, R. (2016, 27 March). America’s allies are “ripping us off” says Donald Trump. Telegraph. Retrieved from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/03/27/americas-allies-are-ripping-us-off-says-donald-trump/
Sherlock, R., Al-Arian, L., & Sadoun, K. (2018, 9 November). ‘Entire families wiped out’: U.S. airstrikes killed many civilians in Syria. NPR. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/2018/11/09/664360606/entire-families-wiped-out-u-s-airstrikes-killed-many-civilians-in-syria
Shi, L. (2014). The mineral industry of North Korea. In 2012 Minerals Yearbook. Washington, DC: US Geological Survey.
Shim, E. (2018, 9 November). Banned U.S. citizen says North Korea defectors fabricating stories. UPI. Retrieved from https://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2018/11/09/Banned-US-citizen-says-North-Korea-defectors-fabricating-stories/3021541779043/
Shin, H. (2018, 18 October). U.S. opposed to Koreas’ plan for no-fly zone over border: Sources. Reuters. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-usa-southkorea/u-s-opposed-to-koreas-plan-for-no-fly-zone-over-border-sources-idUSKCN1MS0OR
Shorrock, T. (2015, 5 June). The Gwangju uprising and American hypocrisy: One reporter’s quest for truth and justice in Korea. Nation. Retrieved from https://www.thenation.com/article/kwangju-uprising-and-american-hypocrisy-one-reporters-quest-truth-and-justice-korea/
Shorrock, T. (2017, 3 October). The Gwangju uprising and North Korea: What we can learn from declassified documents. 38 North. Retrieved from http://www.38north.org/2017/10/tshorrock100317/
Shorrock, T. (2018a, 1 November). Can the United Nations command become a catalyst for change on the Korean Peninsula? National Interest. Retrieved from https://nationalinterest.org/feature/can-united-nations-command-become-catalyst-change-korean-peninsula-34857
Shorrock, T. (2018b, 16 November). How ‘The New York Times’ deceived the public on North Korea. The Nation. Retrieved from https://www.thenation.com/article/how-the-new-york-times-deceived-the-public-on-north-korea/
Shorrock, T. (2018c, 20 September). Moon and Kim stage an exuberant summit in Pyongyang. The Nation. Retrieved from https://www.thenation.com/article/moon-and-kim-stage-an-exuberant-summit-in-pyongyang/
Sigal, L. V. (2005, 8 November). The Cabal is alive and well. Paper presented at the The Carnegie International Non-Proliferation Conference, Washington, DC.
Sigal, L. (2018a, 13 November). The New York Times’ misleading story on North Korean missiles. 38 North. Retrieved from https://www.38north.org/2018/11/lsigal111318/
Sigal, L. V. (2018b, 5 November). Toward a ban on deployment and production of Kim’s missiles. 38 North. Retrieved from https://www.38north.org/2018/11/lsigal110518/
Simpson, B. (2012). The United States and the curious history of self-determination. Diplomatic History, 36(4), 675–694.
Sneider, D. C. (2008). Strategic abandonment: Alliance relations in Northeast Asia in the post-Iraq era. Joint US Korea Academic Studies. Retrieved from http://iis-db.stanford.edu/pubs/22143/08Sneider.pdf
Sokolsky, R., & DePetris, D. R. (2018, 15 November). Imagining a new US-South Korean security architecture. 38 North. Retrieved from https://www.38north.org/2018/11/rsokolskyddepetris111518/
Son, W.-J. (2014, 4 November). The “most remarkable concession of sovereignty in the entire world”. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/662856.html
Song, J. H. (2010, 31 March). Islanders still mourn April 3 massacre. Jeju Weekly. Retrieved from http://www.jejuweekly.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=657
Song, S.-H. (2012, 25 October). Seoul may find military command limited as U.S. holds key assets. Korea Herald. Retrieved from http://nwww.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20121025000906
Song, J. (2015, 13 October). Why do North Korean defector testimonies so often fall apart? Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/oct/13/why-do-north-korean-defector-testimonies-so-often-fall-apart
Souter, J. (2016, 26 October). ‘Bogus’ asylum seekers? The ethics of truth-telling in the asylum system. Open Democracy. Retrieved from https://www.opendemocracy.net/5050/james-souter/bogus-asylum-seekers-ethics-of-truth-telling-in-asylum-system
Special features on the 70th anniversary of the Jeju April 3rd Incident. (2018, various). Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/jeju43
Stahl, L. (2007, April). Albright: “Worth it”. On the unreported consequences of sanctions and war on the people of Iraq. Retrieved from http://www.drewhamre.com/uncoverIraq/docAlb.htm
Staines, R. (2004, 7 November). US trained for strikes on NK. Korea Times. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20060112115155/http://times.hankooki.com/lpage/200411/kt2004110716361410220.htm
Stueck, W. (1995, Spring). The United States, the Soviet Union, and the Division of Korea: A comparative approach. The Journal of American-East Asian Relations, pp. 1–27. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/23612581
Sullivan, J. (2019, January/February). What Donald Trump and Dick Cheney got wrong about America. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2019/01/yes-america-can-still-lead-the-world/576427/
Talmadge, E. (2018, 13 July). Despite detente, sanctions on North Korea fan TB epidemic. Associated Press. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/f748798fb371485aa41b9bbb3ed55156
Taylor, A. (2017, 28 July). The inevitability of North Korea’s nuclear weapons. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/07/28/the-inevitability-of-north-koreas-nuclear-weapons/
Taylor, A. (2018, 14 November). Kim Jong Un is doing what he said he would. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2018/11/14/kim-jong-un-is-doing-what-he-said-he-would/
Tharoor, I. (2018, 17 December). Trump sparks a debate over the future of American power. Washington Post.
The March 1st Movement in ‘Korea’s Fight for Freedom’. (2017). Pyongyang Review of Books [Koryo Tours]. Retrieved from https://koryogroup.com/blog/the-march-1st-movement
The Taft-Katsura Agreed Memorandum. (1905, 29 July). Institute for Corean-American Studies, Inc. Retrieved from https://www.icasinc.org/history/katsura.html
Thompson, M. (2013, 7 February). Spending our way to victory. Time. Retrieved from http://nation.time.com/2013/02/07/spending-our-way-to-victory/
Thompson, M. (2016, 6 March). Is it time to attack North Korea? Time. Retrieved from http://time.com/4252372/north-korea-nuclear-missile-attack/
Tinello, M. (2018, 22 August). A new interpretation of the Bakufu’s refusal to open the Ryukyus to Commodore Perry. The Asia Pacific Journal – Japan Focus. Retrieved from https://apjjf.org/2018/17/Tinello.html
Toloraya, G. D. (2016, 20 October). Byungjin vs the sanctions regime: Which works better? 38 North. Retrieved from http://38north.org/2016/10/gtoloraya102016/
U.S. Troops in S. Korea Can Never Escape Strikes by KPA’s Long-range Artillery: Panmunjom Mission. (2017, 14 July). KCNA. Retrieved from http://www.oananews.org/content/news/politics/us-troops-s-korea-can-never-escape-strikes-kpas-long-range-artillery-panmunjom
UN Humanitarian Chief to visit the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 9–12 July 2018. (2018, 6 July). ReliewWeb [OCHA]. Retrieved from https://reliefweb.int/report/democratic-peoples-republic-korea/un-humanitarian-chief-visit-democratic-people-s-republic
UN Security Council exceeds its authority. (2017, 25 March). Korean Committee for solidarity with the world people, societies for friendship with the Asia-Pacific people, Korea-Asia Pacific exchange. Retrieved from http://www.timbeal.net.nz/geopolitics/UNSC_authority.pdf
Underwood, W. (2007, 6 October). The Aso Mining Company in World War II: History and Japan’s would-be premier. Japan Focus. Retrieved from https://apjjf.org/-William-Underwood/2537/article.html
Urquhart, B. (2004, 13 May). A matter of truth. New York Review of Books. Retrieved from http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2004/may/13/a-matter-of-truth/?pagination=false
Vogel, E. (1979). Japan as number one: Lessons for America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Von Drehle, D. (2018, 6 March). Kim Jong Un is suddenly talking about peace. Here’s why. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/kim-jong-un-is-suddenly-talking-about-peace-heres-why/2018/03/06/06df171e-217f-11e8-86f6-54bfff693d2b_story.html
Walt, S. M. (2011, 11 October). The myth of American exceptionalism. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.com/2011/10/11/the-myth-of-american-exceptionalism/
Weeden, B. (2012, 18 December). Almost everything you’ve heard about the North Korean space launch is wrong. Wired.com. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/12/launch/all/
West Sea Becomes New Arena for Big-Power Rivalry. (2012, 1 June). Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2012/06/01/2012060101209.html
White, H. (2017, 17 January). With their threats to China, Trump and Tillerson are making rookie blunders that will only hurt US credibility. South China Morning Post. Retrieved from http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/2062762/their-threats-china-trump-and-tillerson-are-making-rookie
Whyte, L. (2015, 22 June). Evolution of the U.S.-ROK alliance: Abandonment fears. The Diplomat. Retrieved from https://thediplomat.com/2015/06/evolution-of-the-u-s-rok-alliance-abandonment-fears/
Williams, M. (2018, 2 November). New cold war: Just how independent can Australia be ? Pearls and Irritations. Retrieved from https://johnmenadue.com/mack-williams-new-cold-war-just-how-independent-can-australia-be/
Wilson, W. (2013, 29 May). The bomb didn’t beat Japan... Stalin did. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/05/29/the_bomb_didnt_beat_japan_nuclear_world_war_ii
Wood, F. (1996). Did Marco polo go to China? Asian Affairs, 27(3), 296.
Woolf, C. (2017, 1 May). Is North Korea really a threat to the United States? Public Radio International. Retrieved from https://www.pri.org/stories/2017-05-01/north-korea-really-threat-united-states
Work, C. (2017, 1 November). The long history of South Korea’s OPCON debate. Diplomat. Retrieved from https://thediplomat.com/2017/11/the-long-history-of-south-koreas-opcon-debate/
Work, C. (2018a, 5 October). Hawks will only drive South Korea away from America. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/10/05/hawks-will-only-drive-south-korea-away-from-america/
Work, C. (2018b, 25 September). Peace in Korea won’t eliminate the need for American troops. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2018/09/25/peace-korea-wont-eliminate-need-american-troops/
World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers 2016. (2016, December). State Department. Retrieved from https://www.state.gov/t/avc/rls/rpt/wmeat/2016/index.htm
Xavier do Monte, I. (2016). The Pen is mightier than the H-Bomb. Interventions International Journal of Postcolonial Studies.
Yetter, C. (2011, 10 April). The deadly effectiveness of the republic’s 4.3 scorched earth policy. Jeju Weekly. Retrieved from http://www.jejuweekly.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=1434
Yi, Y.-I. (2018, 20 July). Responsibility to change status quo increasingly falls on South and North Korea. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/854187.html
Yi, W.-W. (2018a, 21 October). Moon’s new N. Korea strategy: Convince Europe to ease sanctions. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2018/11/120_257337.html
Yi, W.-W. (2018b, 7 September). N. Korea leader rules out US troop pullout Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2018/09/103_255234.html
Yonhap. (2017, 13 December). Chinese visitors halved this year over THAAD dispute Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/culture/2017/12/141_240834.html
Yonhap. (2018a, 28 November). Additional sanction waivers necessary if Koreas to earnestly push for railway project. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2018/11/103_259459.html
Yonhap. (2018b, 11 May). Lotte’s China dream shattered. Korea Times. Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/tech/2018/05/694_248838.html
Yonhap. (2018c, 27 July). US House passes defense bill restricting drawdown of troops in S. Korea. Korea Herald. Retrieved from http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20180727000071
Yoo, K.-M. (2018, 2 November). Questions abound regarding OPCON transfer and CFC structure. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_international/868611.html
Yoon, H.-J. (2018, 10 December). Trump wants Korea to pay more for U.S. forces upkeep. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/12/10/2018121000791.html
Yoon, J.-H., & Cho, Y.-J. (2016, 7 October). 60% of Americans feel threatened by N.Korean nukes. Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved from http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2016/10/07/2016100700910.html
Yoon, D., & Norman, L. (2018, 19 October). Moon’s push to ease North Korea sanctions falls flat. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from https://www.wsj.com/articles/moons-hail-mary-for-eu-to-back-easing-north-korea-sanctions-1539952687
Yu, K.-M. (2018, 25 August). Koreans from South, North and overseas gather to discuss methods for peace. Hankyoreh. Retrieved from http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_northkorea/859192.html
Yun, D. (2018). Loyal citizens of Pyongyang in Seoul UCLA. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ktE_3PrJZO0&feature=youtu.be
Zeynalov, M. (2018, 11 December). Are allies ripping off America? Globe Post. Retrieved from https://theglobepost.com/2017/12/25/allies-ripping-off-america/
Zhong, R., Mozur, P., & Nicas, J. (2018, 17 April). U.S. moves to block sales by Chinese telecom equipment makers. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/17/technology/huawei-trade-war.html
Editors and Affiliations
© 2020 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG
About this entry
Cite this entry
Beal, T. (2020). Korea and Imperialism. In: Ness, I., Cope, Z. (eds) The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91206-6_92-2
Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
Print ISBN: 978-3-319-91206-6
Online ISBN: 978-3-319-91206-6
eBook Packages: Springer Reference HistoryReference Module Humanities and Social Sciences