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Determination of Refractive Error and Prescription of Spectacles

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Albert and Jakobiec's Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology


Refractive error is determined by retinoscopy and subjective refinement, employing Jackson cross cylinder and other subjective techniques. The prescription of spectacles includes the choice of lens powers for distance and near, lens design, and choice of lens material.

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Strauss, L., Rumelt, S., Azar, D.T. (2020). Determination of Refractive Error and Prescription of Spectacles. In: Albert, D., Miller, J., Azar, D., Young, L.H. (eds) Albert and Jakobiec's Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-90495-5

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