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Matabele Ant (Megaponera analis)

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The Matabele ant (Megaponera analis, formerly known as M. foetens and Pachycondyla analis) is a group-raiding ponerine species (Fig. 1) occurring in most of sub-Saharan Africa. This monotypic genus is most commonly known for its dietary specialization on termites of the subfamily Macrotermitinae [4, 12, 16]. Their conspicuous raiding behavior during foraging and seminomadic lifestyle are considered to be one of the first steps to true legionary behavior, as seen in army ants. The vernacular name Matabele ant refers to the warlike Matabele tribe of Southern Africa.

Fig. 1
figure 1

Major and minor workers of Megaponera analis after a raid transporting dead Macrotermes bellicosus minor soldiers

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Correspondence to Erik T. Frank .

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Frank, E.T. (2020). Matabele Ant (Megaponera analis). In: Starr, C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Social Insects. Springer, Cham.

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