Research Ethics and Scientific Integrity in Neuroscience

  • Jon LeefmannEmail author
  • Michael Jungert
Living reference work entry


With the rise of neuroethics as a research field of its own since the early 2000s, ethical questions concerning the neurosciences have become a major focus of bioethical debate. Yet, the neuroethical discourse has primarily focused on ethical, legal, and social implications of the products of neuroscience research such as clinical interventions and neuro-technologies. Ethical questions concerning the research process in neuroscience have, however, been largely neglected. While topics such as the ethics of test-person recruitment and informed consent procedures, ethics of data sharing and authorship, responsibility for dual use of research results, or the role of ethical review boards are to a large part coextensive with questions in research ethics in other areas of the life sciences, there are still a number of topics distinctive of neuroscience research ethics. These topics will be the focus of this chapter. We will review the debate on disclosure of incidental findings in neuroimaging, discuss the ambivalent role of neuroscience research for informing the ethical standards of animal testing, and finally turn to the debate about responsible research communication and interdisciplinary trespassing in a time of increased public interest in neuroscience research and imagination about its potential social and cultural consequences.


Scientific integrity Incidental findings Ethics of animal testing Knowledge transfer Neuroscience imperialism 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Applied Philosophy of Science and Key QualificationsFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany

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