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Geriatric Medicine in the Arab World

  • A. AbyadEmail author
  • Sonia Ouali Hammami
Living reference work entry

Abstract

The population of Middle Eastern countries is aging rapidly. These countries have certain cultural, social, and economic characteristics in common, with similar aspirations. Since aging is the main risk factor for noncommunicable diseases (NCD), the incidence and prevalence of these diseases are increasing among all the populations in the region. The improvement in health care delivery has led to increasing the percentage of elderly in the population. These developments represent huge challenges to national- and community-based health services. There is a need to define the policies and programs that will reduce the burden of aging populations on the society and its economy. There is also a need to ensure the availability of health and social services for older persons and to promote their continuing participation in a socially and economically productive life. The morbidity burden of the geriatric population can quickly overwhelm fragile and underfinanced health infrastructure which is unable to fully meet the prevention and treatment needs of a younger population with relatively low-cost, easy-to-prevent, and easy-to-treat illnesses. Currently, there is a move toward more geriatrics and gerontology programs in medical schools and at different universities in the region. In addition, a number of organizations including the Middle East Academy for Medicine of Ageing run short postgraduate courses and training in the aging field. As for services in general, they are still scattered and few countries in the region has a comprehensive program that cover the care of elderly across the spectrum of acute care to long-term care to home care.

Keywords

Middle East Geriatrics Morbidity Health system Prevention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abyad Medical Center, Middle East Academy for Medicine of AgingTripoliLebanon
  2. 2.Geriatric Unit, Internal Medicine Department, EndocrinologyUniversity of MonastirMonastirTunisia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Yusuf S. Khader
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family MedicineJordan University of Science & TechnologyIrbidJordan

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