Pre-existing Health Concerns and Their Management in Ramadan and Mass Gatherings

Living reference work entry


Insight into key religious practices and their implications for health is important for professionals who care for Muslim patients in different sectors of healthcare systems. In this chapter, we focus on two religious practices of importance for many Muslims around the world: observing the fasting period during the month of Ramadan and travelling for pilgrimage. We set out with a brief discussion of the multidimensional notion of health and an overview of how religious practices may shape the ways in which Muslims perceive and manage health and disease. This is followed by an outline of the meaning, rules, and practices related to firstly fasting during Ramadan and secondly travelling to attend the Islamic pilgrimage. Finally, taking a practice-oriented approach, we tease out practicalities and recommendations for healthcare professionals caring for Muslims wanting to observe the fasting period and/or attend mass gathering in the context of the Islamic pilgrimage.


Chronic disease Ramadan Fasting Hajj Travel Mass gatherings Healthcare 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Healthy Aging and Department of Public HealthUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and InformaticsThe University of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  3. 3.Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary CareBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  4. 4.Centre for Population Health SciencesThe University of EdinburghEdinburghUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Harunor Rashid
  • Ziad A. Memish
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Infectious Diseases Division, Department of MedicinePrince Mohammed Bin Abdulaziz hospitalRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.Ministry of HealthRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public HealthEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA

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