Maternal Health Care in a Multiethnic Setting with Examples from Sweden, Scandinavia, and Europe

  • Pernilla NyEmail author
  • Atika Khalaf
Living reference work entry


Women immigrating with their children are a vulnerable group often exposed to ill health and a bad environment. In Europe, women from the Middle East have a complex situation, but immigrant women from low socioeconomic status backgrounds are at highest risk, also with regard to the perinatal period in life. In Sweden all women, independent of their immigrant status are offered free high-quality perinatal care performed by midwives free of charge and nearly 100% use this care, though differently than the nonmigrant population. Often care is sought late in pregnancy, and problems with regard to communication affects the situation as well as care-seeking patterns. However, experiences from families’ originating from the Middle East show their high trust in midwives in Sweden. This trust must be handled with care since it is a great challenge for the health-care organization in Sweden as well as in other countries to host large migrating population, reaching out and communicating in a satisfactory way.


Women Immigrants Reproductive health care Perinatal period Families Staff Socio economic status 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kristianstad UniversityKristianstadSweden
  2. 2.Faculty of Health ScienceKristianstad UniversityKristianstadSweden

Section editors and affiliations

  • Atika Khalaf
    • 1
  • Dima Qato
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Health ScienceKristianstad UniversityKristianstadSweden
  2. 2.Department of Pharmacy Systems, Outcomes and Policy, University of Illinois College of PharmacyChicagoUSA

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