The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies

Living Edition
| Editors: Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton

Alcohol Abuse and Addiction

  • David Andrew OmonaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-74336-3_515-1
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Introduction

Alcohol is a substance that people have consumed from time immemorial. Numerous examples from ancient literatures and myths allude to alcohol consumption as a part of cultural celebrations. In some societies rituals and ceremonies were not complete without alcohol use. However, “enduring alcohol consumption and the passing down of this habit through generations does not adequately explain why alcohol is consumed” (Freeman and Parry 2006). What certainly have changed over the years are the patterns of alcohol use. Available evidence suggests that the quantity of alcohol consumed is far greater today than in earlier times (Freeman and Parry 2006). The 2004 World Health Organization (WHO) estimate of the people who consume alcohol around the world stands at two billion (World Health Organization 2014).

People take alcohol in three main kinds of beverages. The first category of beverage is beers, made from grains through fermentation and brewing. Normally, beers have between...

Keywords

Alcohol Alcohol abuse Addiction Alcoholism Drunkenness 
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Further Reading

  1. McDowell, J., & Hostetler, B. (1996). The handbook on counseling youth: A comprehensive guide for equipping youth, workers, pastors, teachers, parents. Nashville/Dallas/Mexico City: Thomas Nelson INP Publishers.Google Scholar
  2. Milhorn, T. H. (1994). Drug and alcohol abuse: Authoritative guide for parents, teachers, and counselors. New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Nordegren, T. (2002). The A-Z encyclopedia of alcohol and drug abuse. Parkland: Brown Walker Press.Google Scholar
  4. Thombs, L. D. (2006). Introduction to addictive behaviors (3rd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  5. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office of the Surgeon General. (2016). Facing addiction in America: The Surgeon General’s report on alcohol, drugs, and health. Washington, DC: HHS.Google Scholar
  6. Wood, D. (2000). A review of research on alcohol and drug use, criminal behavior, and the criminal justice system response in American Indian and Alaska Native communities. Vancouver: Washington State University.Google Scholar
  7. World Health Organization. (2014). Global status report on alcohol and health 2014. Luxemburg: WHO.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Uganda Christian UniversityMukonoUganda