On 1 April 2016, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed the period of 2016–2025 the “United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition.” This reflects the growing international need to address various forms of malnutrition.
Malnutrition entails three types of problems related to a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. As a deficiency, malnutrition refers to undernutrition. This category includes “wasting” (that is, having low weight for height), stunted growth (having low height for age), and underweight (having low weight for one’s age). The second broad group refers to micronutrient-related malnutrition, which includes micronutrient deficiencies as well as excessive intake. The third type of malnutrition includes overweight, obesity, and diet-related noncommunicable diseases.
Various forms of malnutrition impact on rural and urban populations, females and males, adults and children, and areas of conflict and peace differently. Its implications require...
KeywordsMalnutrition Overnutrition Undernutrition Double burden of malnutrition Nutrition transition
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