The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies

Living Edition
| Editors: Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton


  • Júlia PalikEmail author
Living reference work entry


On 1 April 2016, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed the period of 2016–2025 the “United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition.” This reflects the growing international need to address various forms of malnutrition.

Malnutrition entails three types of problems related to a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. As a deficiency, malnutrition refers to undernutrition. This category includes “wasting” (that is, having low weight for height), stunted growth (having low height for age), and underweight (having low weight for one’s age). The second broad group refers to micronutrient-related malnutrition, which includes micronutrient deficiencies as well as excessive intake. The third type of malnutrition includes overweight, obesity, and diet-related noncommunicable diseases.

Various forms of malnutrition impact on rural and urban populations, females and males, adults and children, and areas of conflict and peace differently. Its implications require...


Malnutrition Overnutrition Undernutrition Double burden of malnutrition Nutrition transition 
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Further Reading

  1. Blössner, M., & de Onis, M. (2005). Malnutrition: Quantifying the health impact at national and local levels (WHO environmental burden of disease series, no. 12). Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  2. Burgess, J. P. (Ed.). (2010). The Routledge handbook of new security studies. London/New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Corvinus University of BudapestOsloNorway