- 235 Downloads
The planet is made up of three major natural compartments: air, water, and soil. Pollution of those compartments will negatively affect human beings, as well as other living organisms and ecosystems. Therefore, air pollution has become an ever-increasing concern over recent decades. The metabolic activity and healthy development of most mammals relies on the availability of clean air. Oxygen – one of the major components of air – is necessary for the breathing process. The presence of pollutants in the atmosphere, such as carbon monoxide, may inhibit the role of oxygen in metabolic processes, while other pollutants, either organic or inorganic, may exhibit toxic and carcinogenic properties in humans. Plants, microorganisms, and buildings are all susceptible to the presence and undesirable effects of volatile pollutants (Kennes and Veiga 2013).
Air pollution is the presence of one or more combinations of contaminants in the air at concentrations or for periods...
KeywordsParticulates Industrialization Air contamination Stationary/mobile sources
- Boisen, P., & Lage, M. (2009). NG/bio methane used as vehicle fuel. Fact Sheet. NGVA Europe.Google Scholar
- Boss, M. J., & Day, D. W. (2001). Air sampling and industrial hygiene engineering. Florida, USA: CRC Press LLC. ISBN: 1-56670-417-0.Google Scholar
- Cooper, C. D., & Alley, F. C. (2011). Air pollution control: A design approach (4th ed.). Illinois, USA: Waveland Press. ISBN: 978-1-57766-678-3.Google Scholar
- de Nevers, N. (2000). Air pollution control engineering (2nd ed.). Massachusetts, USA: McGraw-Hill. ISBN: 0-07-039367-2.Google Scholar
- Dijkgraaf, A. (2012). De hele maisplant de tank in, C2W. Life Sciences, 108(2), 21.Google Scholar
- Dimov, I., Geernaert, G., & Zlatev, Z. (2005). Fighting the great challenges in large-scale environmental modelling. In: Proceedings of the NATO advanced research workshop on advances in air pollution modelling for environmental security. Springer in corporation with NATO Public Diplomacy Division. May 8–12th, 2004, Borovetz, Bulgaria.Google Scholar
- European Commission. (2012). Renewable Energy: Targets by 2020. See http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/targets_en.htm.
- Frumkin, H., Frank, L., & Jackson, R. (2004). Urban sprawl and public health: Designing, planning and building for healthy communities. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
- Genikhovich, E. (2005). Dispersion modelling for environmental security: principles and their application in the Russian regulatory guideline on accidental releases. In Proceedings of the NATO advanced research workshop on advances in air pollution modelling for environmental security. Springer in corporation with NATO Public Diplomacy Division. May 8–12th, 2004, Borovetz.Google Scholar
- IEA. (2010). World energy outlook 2010. Paris: International Energy Agency.Google Scholar
- IEA. (2011a). Commercializing Liquid Biofuels from Biomass. IEA Bioenergy Task. 39: Newsletter Issue 28.Google Scholar
- IEA. (2011b). Key world energy statistics. Paris: International Energy Agency.Google Scholar
- Janssen, A. J. H., Van Leerdam, R., Van Den Bosch, P., Van Zessen, E., Van Heeringen, G., & Buisman, C. (2007). Development of a family of large-scale biotechnological processes to desulphurise industrial gasses. In Proceedings of the 2nd international congress on biotechniques for air pollution control, October 3–5th, Spain.Google Scholar
- Kennes, C., & Veiga, M. C. (2013). Air pollution prevention and control: Bioreactors and bioenergy (1st ed.). West Sussex, UK: Wiley. ISBN: 9781119943310.Google Scholar
- Kharytonov, M., Zberovsky, A., Drizhenko, A., & Babiy, A. (2005). Air pollution assessment inside and around iron ore quarries. In Proceedings of the NATO advanced research workshop on advances in air pollution modelling for environmental security. Springer in corporation with NATO Public Diplomacy Division, May 8–12th, 2004, Borovetz.Google Scholar
- Lee, J. Y., & Kim, H. (2018). Ambient air pollution-induced health risk for children worldwide. Lancet, 2, e292.Google Scholar
- Mensink, C., Lefebre, F., & De Ridder, K. (2005). Developments and applications in urban air pollution modelling. In: Proceedings of the NATO advanced research workshop on advances in air pollution modelling for environmental security. Springer in corporation with NATO Public Diplomacy Division. May 8–12th, Borovetz.Google Scholar
- National Biodiesel Board. (2012). Biodiesel Basics. Online at http://www.biodiesel.org/what-is-biodiesel/biodiesel-basics.
- National Research Council. (2015a). Climate intervention: carbon dioxide removal and reliable sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.Google Scholar
- National Research Council. (2015b). Climate intervention: Reflecting sunlight to cool earth. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.Google Scholar
- Perlack, R. D., Wright, L. L., Turhollow, A. F., Graham, R. L., Stokes, B. J., & Erbach, D. C. (2005). Biomass as feedstock for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry: The technical feasibility of a billion-ton annual supply. DOE Report DOE/GO-102005-2135.Google Scholar
- Usher, P. (1989). World conference on the changing atmosphere: Implications for global security. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 31(1), 25–27.Google Scholar
- Whitmee, S., Haines, A., Beyrer, C., Boltz, F., Capon, A. G., de Souza Dias, B. F., Ezeh, A., Frumkin, H., Gong, P., Head, P., Horton, R., Mace, G. M., Marten, R., Myers, S. S., Nishtar, S., Osofsky, S. A., Pattanayak, S. K., Pongsiri, M. J., Romanelli, C., Soucat, A., Vega, J., & Yach, D. (2015). Safeguarding human health in the Anthropocene epoch: Report of the Rockefeller Foundation–Lancet Commission on planetary health. Lancet, 386, 1973–2028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- WHO. (2014). What is air pollution? Regional office for South-East Asia. 25 March 2014.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2017). Air pollution- the silent killer. World Health Organization. 6 March 2017.Google Scholar