Different Schools, Different Cultures

  • Prince Paa-Kwesi HetoEmail author
  • Masumi Hashimoto Odari
  • Wyse Koku Sunu
Living reference work entry


Many research studies are showing that most students are not learning in school; some find it difficult to read and understand simple sentences even in their own local languages. This situation leads the authors to ask two related questions. What kinds of educational assistance programs can help improve the quality of learning for millions of learners in a way that honors and respects the dignity of their lives? How can educational leaders develop educational programs bearing in mind the differences within education systems and among students? This paper attempts to answer these questions by highlighting two educational assistant models that seek to respond to the challenge. The two models tap into the differences between and within schools and use it to provide educational environments that are conducive for learning and self-reflection. The paper argues that educators who take their time to study the differences within their school environment and take proactive steps to use those differences to teach students have a better chance of improving the quality of learning for all learners. The findings, also, lead the authors to suggest that there is a need for a new bottom-up theory of change that gives opportunities to locals to lead in almost all aspects of the problem-solving process.


K–12 Education in Africa INDIE Education Initiative Soka University University of Nairobi Rural Prince Paa-Kwesi Heto Masumi Hashimoto Odari Wyse Koku Sunu Exchange program Global citizens Global learning crisis Sustainable development goals Diversity as a tool for teaching Power of difference Nested inequalities Social justice Literacy Achievement gap Theories of change 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prince Paa-Kwesi Heto
    • 1
    Email author
  • Masumi Hashimoto Odari
    • 2
  • Wyse Koku Sunu
    • 3
  1. 1.INDIE Education InitiativeIrvineUSA
  2. 2.University of NairobiNairobiKenya
  3. 3.INDIE Education InitiativeAccraGhana

Section editors and affiliations

  • Aletha M. Harven
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and Child DevelopmentCalifornia State University, StanislausTurlockUSA

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