Skip to main content

Catchment

  • 63 Accesses

Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

Definition

A catchment is an area on the earth’s surface where runoff from rainfall or snowmelt and groundwater discharge from springs and seeps is collected at the same discharge point. In a natural setting, the catchment area is equivalent to a drainage basin (Langbein and Iseri 1960). The water collected within a catchment may be discharged as stream flow into another stream or a body of water. A watershed is one or more catchments discharging to the same downgradient point. Determining the boundaries of a specific catchment uses topographic map or digital terrain model data to find where water would flow inward and downgradient to a particular catchment rather than into an adjacent one. The size of delineated natural catchments is controlled by the physical character of the landscape and the purpose for identifying the component catchments within a watershed. Within the built environment, a catchment would also include runoff from impermeable surface such as roofs and paved areas...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_46
  • Chapter length: 2 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   549.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-73568-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   699.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Catchment, Fig. 1

References

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jerome V. De Graff .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2018 Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature

About this entry

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

De Graff, J.V. (2018). Catchment. In: Bobrowsky, P.T., Marker, B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_46

Download citation