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Monitoring Energy Policy

Living reference work entry

Abstract

Policy monitoring has been gaining importance in energy and climate governance. It is currently being heralded as a key solution for coordinating energy governance not only regionally in the emerging Energy Union in the European Union (EU), but also globally in the Paris Agreement on climate change. The core idea is that transparency through monitoring will incentivize actors to adopt policy pathways toward mutually agreed long-term energy and climate policy goals. In addition, monitoring of key indicators (e.g., use of certain kinds of energy), in particular, sectoral contexts, may be a necessary precursor to evaluation and improved regulation. This chapter unpacks the concept of monitoring, reviews the emergence of energy and climate policy monitoring in the EU, and then details experiences with concrete monitoring regimes in different settings related to energy and climate policy, ranging from the United Nations (UN) to the EU, as well as nation states and nongovernmental actors. In so doing, it highlights various strands of emerging research and knowledge on monitoring structures, steering effects and costs, but also the need for further work, especially regarding usage and impact. Issues related to politics, coordination, and resources are likely to challenge monitoring regimes; further investigation should focus on the efficacy of monitoring systems, which many assume, but few have researched.

Keywords

Policy monitoring Energy policy Climate policy UNFCCC EU Transparency 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the participants of the 2018 UACES Annual Conference in Bath, UK, and especially Dr. Tomas Maltby, for constructive comments. Feedback from the handbook editors has considerably strengthened this chapter. Nils Bruch provided very helpful research assistance. JS acknowledges support from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Reference: 03SFK4P0, Consortium ENavi, Kopernikus) and TR from the Horizon 2020 COP21 RIPPLES project (Reference: 730427).

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Political ScienceTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Tyndall Centre for Climate Change ResearchUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK

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